Relationship Between Disease History and Fear Level During COVID-19 Pandemic in Bogor City Area

Authors

  • Devi Irawan
  • Nining Fitrianingsih
  • Magdalena A. Yosali
  • Widia Astuti AW
  • Yufi Aliyupiudin
  • Joshua Francisco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i3.18267

Keywords:

COVID-19; Disease history; fear level.

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 pandemic is a major concern in almost all countries in the world, including in Indonesia.
The number of COVID-19 confirmed cases in the worldwide as of July 20, 2021 was 192 million cases with
4.13 million deaths. West Java province of Indonesia became one of the highest COVID-19 contributors with 6,928
cases in one day. This very rapid increase has caused psychological impact in society. Some people became more
afraid to get infected with COVID-19 while some others started to get careless in performing health protocols.
COVID-19 imposes more threat to people with previous diseases and could also raise fear and anxiety during the
outbreak.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between disease history and fear level of
COVID-19 in Bogor City area.
Methodology: The research method used was analytical survey with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling
technique was snowball sampling with total of 515 participants aged more than 18 years old. The instrument in
the study was an online questionnaire using a Google Form. Data analysis performed was univariate and bivariate
analysis with chi square test.
Result: Out of 515 participants, 431 respondents (83.7%) had no disease history and 411 respondents (79.8%) had
moderate fear level of COVID-19. The results of the chi square test show the p-value = 0.000.
Conclusion: There was a relationship between disease history and fear level of COVID-19 in in Bogor City area.

Author Biographies

Devi Irawan

Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing, Wijaya Husada Health Insitute, Bogor, Indonesia,

Nining Fitrianingsih

Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing, Wijaya Husada Health Insitute, Bogor, Indonesia,

Magdalena A. Yosali

Senior Lecturer, Academy of Midwifery Wijaya Husada, Bogor, Indonesia,

Widia Astuti AW

Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing, Wijaya Husada Health Insitute, Bogor, Indonesia,

Yufi Aliyupiudin

Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing, Wijaya Husada Health Insitute, Bogor, Indonesia.

Joshua Francisco

Undegraduate Student, School of Nursing, Wijaya Husada Health Institute, Bogor, Indonesia.

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Published

2022-07-04

How to Cite

Devi Irawan, Nining Fitrianingsih, Magdalena A. Yosali, Widia Astuti AW, Yufi Aliyupiudin, & Joshua Francisco. (2022). Relationship Between Disease History and Fear Level During COVID-19 Pandemic in Bogor City Area. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(3), 130–135. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i3.18267