Suicides During the Pandemic: A Retrospective Study
Keywords:Suicide; pandemic; unemployment.
Suicide is defined as a fatal self-injurious act with some evidence of intent to die.1 Suicide occurs more often in
older than in younger people, but is still one of the leading causes of death in the late childhood and adolescence.
Every year, more than 1,00,000 people commit suicide in our country.1 Suicide accounts for 1.4% of all deaths,
and is the 15th leading cause of death globally.2,3 Suicide is associated with an impulsive nature. Several risk
factors concerning family structure and interactions have been linked to a suicidal behaviour. Direct conflicts
with parents and siblings, Occupational status and social acceptance have a great impact, but so do the absence of
communication and a lack of empathy.12 Interpersonal losses are also strongly associated with suicide cases. But
in developing countries one of the major reason always remains unemployment and poverty. There are different
rates of suicides and suicidal behaviour between males and females (among both adults and adolescents). While
females more often have suicidal thoughts, males die by suicide more frequently.5 Hence, this study was planned
with a purpose to know the magnitude and the socio-cultural factors of the problem of suicides, so that a sound
prevention program could be suggested, planned and implemented for reducing the incidence of suicides.
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