Estimate the Prevalence of Fatty Liver in Overweight and Obese Children in Ilam


  • Gholamreza Kalvandi
  • Reza Najafi
  • Kourosh Sayehmiri
  • Salah Saki



Prevalence; Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Overweight; Obese; Children.


Introduction: Obesity worldwide is considered as the single largest cause of chronic illness. The children of the
present generation are the only people throughout history who die because of problems with overweight before
their parents. Obese children are prone to fatty liver disease. Fatty liver is one of the chronic liver disorders that
is associated with lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of fatty
liver in overweight and obese children in Ilam and to investigate some of its possible causes, in order to consider
the need for planning for educational interventions for behavioral change.
Method: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ilam, in 2017, and among 106
children aged 6-18 years who were referred to the center for evaluation, a randomized sampling was performed
and divided into two groups of overweight and obese based on their BMI.
Conclusion: Regarding the relatively high prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in school-age children,
and especially in adolescents, the need to educate parents and their children for proper nutrition and daily physical
activity with the correct method is still felt.

Author Biographies

Gholamreza Kalvandi

Associate Professor of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine,
Besat Hospital, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Reza Najafi

Assistant Professor of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran,

Kourosh Sayehmiri

Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, Psychosocial injuries Research center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran,

Salah Saki

General Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.




How to Cite

Gholamreza Kalvandi, Reza Najafi, Kourosh Sayehmiri, & Salah Saki. (2022). Estimate the Prevalence of Fatty Liver in Overweight and Obese Children in Ilam. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(3), 189–193.