Effect of Muscle Energy Technique as an Adjunct to Lumbar Stabilisation Exercise Training on Pain, Disability and Fear Avoidance belief in Patients with Chronic Low back pain with facet joint dysfunction: Randomized Controlled Trial

Authors

  • Shubhangi Patil
  • Muskan Bhojwani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i3.18309

Keywords:

Facet joint dysfunction; low back pain; lumbar stabilization exercises; muscle energy technique; modified Oswestry disability index; numerical pain rating scale; fear-avoidance belief questionnaire.

Abstract

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is the second leading cause of disability, affecting 85 percent of people
worldwide at some point in their life. LBP is viewed as a personal and societal burden due to discomfort and
limited function. Facet joint dysfunction is one of the leading causes of pain and disability. While the Muscle
Energy technique (MET) looks to be a promising treatment, research on MET in combination with exercise therapy
is limited.
Method: Sixty patients, 18 to 40 years of age, with a history of chronic low back pain will be randomly divided into
two groups. One group will receive lumbar stabilization exercise training along with muscle energy technique
and the other group will receive lumbar stabilization exercise training alone respectively for 3 times a week
for 4 weeks. Data will be collected pre and post the intervention on the Numeric Rating Scale, Oswestry LBP
Disability Questionnaire, and Fear-avoidance belief questionnaire.
Result: Both groups will be analyzed for pain, disability, and patients’ fear-avoidance belief regarding physical
activity Baseline characteristics including means and standard deviations (SDs) will be analyzed. Categorical
variables will be analyzed with a chi-square test and continuous variables will be analyzed using independent
t-tests.

Author Biographies

Shubhangi Patil

Professor and Head, Department of Community Health Physiotherapy, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College,
Data Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi(M), Wardha, Maharashtra, India.

Muskan Bhojwani

Intern, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Data Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi(M), Wardha, Maharashtra, India.

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Published

2022-07-04

How to Cite

Shubhangi Patil, & Muskan Bhojwani. (2022). Effect of Muscle Energy Technique as an Adjunct to Lumbar Stabilisation Exercise Training on Pain, Disability and Fear Avoidance belief in Patients with Chronic Low back pain with facet joint dysfunction: Randomized Controlled Trial. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 16(3), 349–353. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v16i3.18309