Cross Sectional Study on Socio Demographic and Clinical Profile on Acute Abdomen in a Tertiary Care Hospital Hyderabad, Telangana

Authors

  • A Manmadha Kishan
  • K Srinivasulu
  • I V R Raghunath
  • Mustafa Firasath
  • Pantangi S. D. Kashyap Sharma
  • Nikhitha Puvvala

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v17i2.19163

Keywords:

Socio demographic profile, clinical profile, acute abdomen.

Abstract

A cross sectional study on socio demographic and clinical profile of acute abdomen was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Suraram, Hyderabad, Telangana. It was retrospective and record based study, 170 in-patient case sheets from the department of General surgery admitted in emergency with acute abdomen from1st July 2021 to 30st June 2022 were collected from Medical record department of Hospital. Socio demographic and clinical details were collected from the case sheets in to a pre structured data sheet and the data was analyzed by SPSS (version 21.0) software.
Four most common causes of acute abdomen found in our study are acute appendicitis accounting 30% of total number of admissions, followed by acute cholecystitis with 21.2%, acid peptic diseases with 18.23% and renal calculi contributed fourth common cause of acute abdomen accounting 12.4%. Acute appendicitis was the leading cause in males whereas acute cholecystitis was the leading cause in females. Majority of cases 74.75% were treated conservatively and 25.35% cases were treated with surgery. 85.9% of cases were treated without any complications. Mortality was very negligible due to referral to higher centers. Similar results were observed in studies conducted in India and abroad.

Author Biographies

A Manmadha Kishan

Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad, Telangana,

K Srinivasulu

Professor and HOD. Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Telangana

I V R Raghunath

Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad, Telangana,

Mustafa Firasath

Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad, Telangana

Pantangi S. D. Kashyap Sharma

Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad, Telangana

Nikhitha Puvvala

Professor and HOD. Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Telangana

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Published

2023-04-05

How to Cite

A Manmadha Kishan, K Srinivasulu, I V R Raghunath, Mustafa Firasath, Pantangi S. D. Kashyap Sharma, & Nikhitha Puvvala. (2023). Cross Sectional Study on Socio Demographic and Clinical Profile on Acute Abdomen in a Tertiary Care Hospital Hyderabad, Telangana. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 17(2), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v17i2.19163