Socio – Demographic & Medico – Legal Profile Among the Victims of Acute Fatal Asphyxia Cases at S.M.S Medical College, Jaipur
Keywords:mechanical asphyxia, hanging, suicide, socio – demographic and medico – legal profile.
Background: Asphyxia is typically relevant in a forensic setting when it involves mechanical asphyxia. There
are various means in which mechanical asphyxia is carried out like pressure over the neck in form of hanging,
ligature/ manual strangulation, mugging, garrotting, and, some other forms as smothering, suffocation, choking
Aims & objective: Assessment of socio – demographic profile& medico – legal profile among the victims of acute fatal
asphyxia cases at S.M.S hospital, Jaipur.
Material & methodology: a cross-sectional descriptive observational prospective study that used inclusion and exclusion
criteria was conducted. 160 (4.90%) autopsies were of these acute asphyxia fatalities (n=3261) were taken in the study.The
present study had been conducted in the Mortuary, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, S.M.S Hospital, Jaipur
during the period from June 2018 to October 2019.
Result & observation: The majority of 63 cases (39.37%) were found to be between the ages of 21 and 30. 109 cases
(68.13%) were predominantly male. 142 cases (88.75%) were literate & 18 cases (11.25%) were illiterate. Students made up
the majority of fatalities with 44 cases (27.5%), followed by homemakers with 41 cases (25.6%). Hanging was responsible
in majority of cases (85%). Suicidal manner was present in majority of cases (86.87%).
Conclusion: Majority of victims was of productive age group of society and most of them were students and
house makers. The main causes are high expectations, an unhealthy and stressful lifestyle, and less tolerant
behaviour in families and social groups. Justice, compassion, educational initiatives, and individual, communal,
and societal approaches are required to reduce these cases.
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