Evaluating Skeletal Trauma and Forensic Anthropology for Medicolegal Investigations: A Systematic Review


  • Sachin Kumar Tripathi
  • Sakshi Singh
  • Rajiv Ratan Singh
  • Pradeep kumar Yadav




anthropological identification, bone fractures, forensic anthropology, medicolegal investigations, forensic evidence etc


Background: Skeletal trauma analysis is crucial in the area of forensic anthropology for locating and analyzing
wounds in human remains. For the evaluation and recording of bone injuries, a number of techniques and methods
have been developed over the years, including ocular examination and cutting-edge imaging modalities. In order
to determine the approaches used in diagnosing bone trauma, the goal of this systematic review is to critically
study the body of current research. The goal of this study is to draw attention to the advantages, disadvantages,
and recent technological developments of these techniques.
Aim: This study thoroughly examines the examination of skeletal trauma and the function of forensic anthropology
in medicolegal cases, finding knowledge gaps and outlining potential directions for future research.
Method: To find relevant studies released within a certain timeframe, a thorough search across the largest scientific
databases was carried out. Studies on the assessment of skeletal trauma and the use of forensic anthropology in
medicolegal cases were also included. For methodological rigor, quality, and applicability, the chosen papers
underwent careful evaluation. According to the particular approaches and procedures used in assessing skeletal
trauma and the contributions of forensic anthropology to the field, data were retrieved, synthesized, and classified.
Conclusion: This systematic study examines several approaches for assessing skeletal injuries in medicolegal
investigations, stressing their benefits and drawbacks as well as the function of forensic anthropology. For this
discipline to improve accuracy and validity, advancements, established standards, and cutting-edge technology
are essential.

Author Biographies

  • Sachin Kumar Tripathi

    Scientific Assistant, Toxicology Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, King George’s Medical
    University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

  • Sakshi Singh

    Research Scholar Anthropology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow

  • Rajiv Ratan Singh

    Professor (Jr), Department of Emergency Medicine, Dr.RML Institute of Medical Sciences Lucknow, India,
    Lucknow, India

  • Pradeep kumar Yadav

    Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute Lucknow




How to Cite

Evaluating Skeletal Trauma and Forensic Anthropology for Medicolegal Investigations: A Systematic Review. (2023). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 17(3), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v17i3.19499