Osteoclastic Activity in Orthodontic Tooth Movement- A Review

Authors

  • Arulvizhi. M
  • Nandini
  • Muralidhara. B V
  • Bastian T.S
  • Jithesh Kumar. K
  • Selvamani. M

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijocd.v9i2.16449

Keywords:

osteoclast, tooth movement, osteoclastogenesis, prostaglandins, RANKL, bisphosphonates, M-CSF.

Abstract

It is a well-known concept that bone remodeling occurs during orthodontic tooth movement. The orthodontic
literature is vastly full of information about the changes occurring on the periodontal ligament level.
However, changes occurring in the alveolar bone are being elucidated. What we know about bone resorption
has changed a lot in the last few decades. The osteoclast is the only cell to nibble and breakdown the bone,
and also aids in formation and resorption of bone tissue. In this review, we briefly describe the phases and
theories of tooth movement and also the changes involved during orthodontic tooth movement.

Author Biographies

Arulvizhi. M

Postgraduate student, Department of Oral pathology and Microbiology,Mahe Institute of Dental
sciences and Hospital, Mahe

Nandini

Postgraduate student, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics,Mahe Institute of Dental
sciences and Hospital, Mahe

Muralidhara. B V

Senior Lecturer, Department of General Pathology, Mahe Institute of Dental
sciences and Hospital, Mahe

Bastian T.S

Professor and HOD, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology,Mahe Institute of Dental
sciences and Hospital, Mahe

Jithesh Kumar. K

Professor and HOD, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics,Mahe Institute of Dental
sciences and Hospital, Mahe

Selvamani. M

Professor,Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Mahe Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Mahe.

Published

2021-07-12

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