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The best possible treatment options for patients are now available thanks to the recent revolution in regenerative dentistry using stem cell therapy. The stem cells, which are unspecialized, highly proliferative, clonogenic, and capable of self-renewal, have opened the door to new methods of regenerating missing tissues, repairing cleft palates, regenerating periodontal and jaw bones, and, most importantly, remaking the entire tooth structure. The interest in clinical dentistry is growing daily thanks to recent advancements in stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy therefore has a bright future in tissue regeneration dentistry. This review provides a concise summary of the background, current uses, and potential future of stem cells.