Sleep Apnea and Dental Implications -A Review

Main Article Content

M.Veerakumari
Anjibabu Merneedi M
R. Sudhakara Reddy
N.Rajesh

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an increasingly common, chronic, sleep-related breathing disorder.The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) continues to rise due to change in life patterns.The most common presenting symptom of OSA is excessive sleepiness and is associated with a 2- to 3-fold increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. The key contributors to OSA pathogenesis include a narrow, crowded, or collapsible upper airway “anatomical compromise” and “non-anatomical” contributors such as ineffective pharyngeal dilator muscle function during sleep, a low threshold for arousal to airway narrowing during sleep, and unstable control of breathing. Effective treatments include weight loss and exercise, positive airway pressure, oral appliances that hold the jaw forward during sleep, and surgical modification of the pharyngeal soft tissues or facial skeleton to enlarge the upper airway. This review summarizes the latest knowledge ondifferent contributors to OSA with a focus on emerging clinical tools.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sleep Apnea and Dental Implications -A Review. (2023). Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry, 11(2), 7-14. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijocd.v11i2.20054
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

M.Veerakumari

Assistant Professor, KIMS Dental college, Amalapuram

Anjibabu Merneedi M

Associate Professor of MechanicalEngineering, Mallareddy College of Engineering Sciences, Telangana, 

R. Sudhakara Reddy

 Professor and HOD, ,Vishnu Dental College,Bhimavaram.,

N.Rajesh

Associate Professor , Vishnu Dental College,Bhimavaram.

How to Cite

Sleep Apnea and Dental Implications -A Review. (2023). Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry, 11(2), 7-14. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijocd.v11i2.20054