Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry 2022-02-02T08:45:57+00:00 Dr Sachin Sinha Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry</strong> is a double blind peer reviewed international journal which has commenced its publication from January 2013. The journal is half yearly in frequency. The journal covers all aspects of odontology including Forensic Odontology. The journal has been assigned ISSN 2320-5806 (Print Version) and ISSN 2320-5962 (Online Version). The journal is covered by many international data bases.</p> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> Dental Scan and Mucormycosis: A Literature Review 2022-02-02T08:37:10+00:00 Inderpreet Singh Oberoi <p>The purpose of this study was to describe common radiographic patterns that may be useful in predicting<br>the diagnosis of rhinocerebral mucormycosis. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the imaging and<br>clinical data of four males and one female, 3 to 72 years old, with rhinocerebral mucormycosis. Results:<br>All the patients presented with sinusitis and ophthalmological symptoms. Most of the patients (80%)<br>had isointense lesions relative to brain in T1-weighted images. The signal intensity in T2-weighted<br>images was more variable, with only one (20%) patient showing hyperintensity. A pattern of anatomic<br>involvement affecting the nasal cavity, maxillary sinus, orbit, and ethmoid cells was consistently<br>observed in all five patients (100%). Our series demonstrated a mortality rate of 60%. Conclusion:<br>Progressive and rapid involvement of the cavernous sinus, vascular structures and intracranial contents<br>is the usual evolution of rhinocerebral mucormycosis. In the context of immunosupression, a pattern of<br>nasal cavity, maxillary sinus, ethmoid cells, and orbit inflammatory lesions should prompt the diagnosis<br>of mucormycosis. Multiplanar magnetic resonance imaging shows anatomic involvement, helping in<br>surgery planning. However, the prognosis is grave despite radical surgery and antifungals.</p> 2022-02-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Role of Radiology in Diagnosis of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders 2022-02-02T08:38:51+00:00 Inderpreet Singh Oberoi Kukureet Oberoi <p>The diagnosis and management of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) require both clinical and<br>imaging examinations of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). A variety of modalities can be used to<br>image the TMJ, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), cone beam<br>CT, ultrasonography, conventional radiography. The present review outlines the indications of the most<br>frequently used imaging techniques in TMD diagnosis.<br>Because of the anatomic complexity of the TMJ, imaging can be difficult. Choosing the proper<br>imaging technique is essential. Conventional radiography, nowadays, is of limited interest. The use<br>of flat plane films for TMJ pathology is not sufficient, because this joint requires three dimensional<br>imaging views. Osseous changes are better visualized with CT and cone beam CT. Cone beam CT<br>provides high-resolution multiplanar reconstruction of the TMJ, with a low radiation dose, without<br>superimposition of the bony structures. MRI is a noninvasive technique, considered to be the gold<br>standard in imaging the soft tissue components of the TMJ. MRI is used to evaluate the articular disc in<br>terms of location and morphology. Moreover, the early signs of TMD and the presence of joint effusion<br>can be determined. High-resolution ultrasonography is a noninvasive, dynamic, inexpensive imaging<br>technique, which can be useful in diagnosing TMJ disc displacements. The diagnostic value of highresolution<br>ultrasonography is strictly dependent on the examiner’s skills and on the equipment used.</p> 2022-02-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Evaluation of Factors Associated with Occurance of Third Molar Pericoronitis: A Clinico-Radiographic Study 2022-02-02T08:41:30+00:00 Shastri Rupali G Phadnaik Mangesh B Tripathi Ripunjay K <p>Introduction: Pericoronitis refers to inflammation of the gingiva in relation to the crown of a partially<br>erupted tooth. It mostly affects third molars. It may be acute, subacute or chronic.<br>Aims: To study the association of angular position of third molar and to evaluate predisposing factors<br>associated with occurrence of pericoronitis in third molars.<br>Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 92 patients with 110 sites affected by pericoronitis.<br>Clinico-radiographic examination was carried out. Clinical findings consisted of age, sex, amount of<br>eruption, predisposing factors signs and symptoms. Radiographic examination was done to assess<br>angular position using Winter’s classification.<br>Statistical Analysis: By using Descriptive statistical analysis, findings were summarized using numbers<br>and percentages,<br>Results: The peak age of occurrence of third molar pericoronitis was 23-28 years with female<br>predominance. Mandibular molars were involved more commonly. Vertical positioned and partially<br>erupted third molars were most commonly affected by pericoronitis in both arches. Upper respiratory<br>tract infection was most frequently associated predisposing factor with periocoronitis.<br>Conclusion: Vertically positioned partially erupted third molars are more likely to be affected by from<br>pericoronitis. Considering high risk, early treatment should be rendered.</p> 2022-02-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022