Effect of Honey Dressing on Wound Healing among Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer at Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

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Sahbanathul M. Jalal
Rawabi A. Amloqel
Sajedah A. Aljaber
Jumanah A. Ali Al-Abdulwahed
Rahaf A. Aldossary
Maha A. Ali Hakami

Abstract

Background: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a serious infection in people with diabetes mellitus. DFU is caused by vascular disease with diabetic neuropathy, and severe DFU leads to disability or even death. Mostly, povidone iodine dressing (PID) is used for DFU. The honey dressing (HD) may also improve wound healing in DFU as a complementary therapy. Aim: The study aimed to determine the effect of HD on the wound-healing process for DFU. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in the diabetic centres of selected hospitals in eastern Saudi Arabia. A total of 126 patients with DFU below grade three according to Wagner’s classification were selected by randomization and equally divided into HD (n = 63) and control (n = 63) groups. The patients were followed up with regularity, and 60 from each group were analysed, because the remaining patients lost their follow-up. Demographic variables and clinical parameters including random blood sugar and haemoglobin A1C were measured at the initial visit before intervention. The Bates-Jensen wound assessment tool was used before and after the intervention. Intervention group received HD and control group received PID for 6 weeks. The results are presented using frequency, mean, chi-squared test, independent ‘t’ test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: Among 120 patients, the demographic variables, and clinical parameters in the HD and control were homogeneous. The overall mean wound score was 41.07 ± 2.95 and 29.78 ± 2.2 before and after the intervention in the HD group respectively which was significant (p < 0.0001). Mean score of control was 41.13 ± 2.43 before intervention and 38.53 ± 3.29 after intervention which was also significant (p = 0.00062). Conclusion: HD is best alternative cost-effective dressing method that promotes faster healing in DFU. It should be further promoted in healthcare settings.

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How to Cite
Effect of Honey Dressing on Wound Healing among Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer at Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. (2022). International Journal of Nursing Care, 11(1), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijonc.v11i1.18930
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Author Biographies

Sahbanathul M. Jalal

Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia

Rawabi A. Amloqel

Interns, Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

Sajedah A. Aljaber

Interns, Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

Jumanah A. Ali Al-Abdulwahed

Interns, Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

Rahaf A. Aldossary

Interns, Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

Maha A. Ali Hakami

Interns, Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia

How to Cite

Effect of Honey Dressing on Wound Healing among Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer at Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. (2022). International Journal of Nursing Care, 11(1), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijonc.v11i1.18930