Progressive Influences of Family in Intensive Care Nursing Interventions: A Review

Main Article Content

Simran Preet Kaur
Raman Kalia

Abstract

Introduction: This paper reviews the aspects of Family-Centered-Care (FCC) for patients in critical care nursing. FCC is an innovative and holistic approach consisting of planning, delivering, and evaluating the health care. It is mutually beneficial to the health and care of patients, their families, and especially the health care providers. Family members of the critically ill have a substantial role in the treatment trajectory of the patient, along with the nurses. FCC in critical care has opened a new dimension in improving the quality of care for the critically ill.
Methods: A systematic search of five electronic bibliographic databases (CINAHL, Medline, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews) was undertaken. The keywords used were “Nursing,” “Intensive care,” “critical care,” and “Family Centred Care.”
Findings: The review identifies the meaning of family involvement in the care of the critically ill patients and its positive outcomes on the health of the patient. FCC is developed under six categories: effects on patients, education and attitudes of nurses, effect on family and other factors (environmental, psychological and communication). Presence of a family member in the hospital ensures patients’ safety and provide sense of security and confidence to patients under care. The research highlighted the needs of the family who have critically ill patients admitted in intensive care units. It was observed that there is a lack of appropriate literature and qualitative methods to assess the needs and interventions for the care of the family, as the time of health care providers is distributed in giving the required nursing care interventions to the patient and following the hospital care protocols.
Conclusion: The present literature review identified the importance of integrating FCC in the critical care units. This provides opportunities for improvement of care by involving and accommodating family members in the health team.

Article Details

How to Cite
Progressive Influences of Family in Intensive Care Nursing Interventions: A Review. (2022). International Journal of Nursing Care, 11(1), 53-58. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijonc.v11i1.18934
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Articles
Author Biographies

Simran Preet Kaur

Nursing Officer, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh

Raman Kalia

Principal, Saraswati Nursing Institute , Dhianpura, Punjab

How to Cite

Progressive Influences of Family in Intensive Care Nursing Interventions: A Review. (2022). International Journal of Nursing Care, 11(1), 53-58. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijonc.v11i1.18934