International Journal of Nursing Education <p> <strong>International Journal of Nursing Education</strong> is an international double blind peer reviewed journal. It publishes articles related to nursing and midwifery. The purpose of the journal is to bring advancement in nursing education. The journal publishes articles related to specialities of nursing education, care and practice. The journal has been assigned international standard serial numbers 0974-9349 (print) and 0974-9357 (electronic). The journal is covered by many international databases. </p> <div> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> <p> </p> </div> en-US (Prof Amarjeet Kaur Sandhu) (Apoorva) Thu, 28 Jul 2022 11:18:34 +0000 OJS 60 Nursing Knowledge Development from the Standpoint of Philosophical and Methodological Perspective <p>Knowledge development is one of the foundations for nursing to grow as a profession. Knowledge development in nursing has been greatly influenced by the philosophical perspective in different eras. This study aims at exploring the philosophical standpoints and methodological perspective of nursing knowledge development. Performing research guided by philosophy and using suitable methodology underpinning the philosophical approach is the need for strengthening nursing knowledge at present.</p> Abha Sharma, Manee Arpanantikul, Usavadee Asdornwised Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Pre-Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Health Hazards of Using Mobile Phone Among School Going Children of Selected Schools of District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh <p>Background: School going children represents a period of transition between childhood and adulthood. In recent years, adoption of mobile phones by school going children has been a global phenomenon. Several studies revealed that during use mobile phone and cordless phone emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation that can possibly cause cancer and long-term health issues. Therefore, children need awareness regarding health hazards of using mobile phone.<br>Material and methods: A quantitative research approach and pre-experimental research design was adopted to conduct study. The non-probability purposive sampling technique were used to select 60 school going children of District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. A Self-structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess knowledge score. Analysis of collected data was done according to the objectives of the study and data analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.<br>Results: The mean pre-test knowledge score was 14.53 where 70% school going children were having moderately adequate knowledge, 25% were having inadequate knowledge and only 5% were having adequate knowledge. Whereas the mean post-test knowledge score was 20.77 where 55% were having adequate knowledge, 43.33% were having moderately adequate knowledge and only 1.67% having inadequate knowledge. Hence, results revealed that the post-test knowledge score (20.77) was significantly higher than pre-test (14.53) and obtained ‘t’ value has been found statistically very highly significant (8.458) at p&lt;0.001 level of significance.<br>Interpretation and conclusion: The study concluded that the video assisted teaching program was effective in improving the knowledge regarding health hazards of using mobile phone among school going children. As school going children were easily attracted toward video assisted teaching programme and show interest also.<br><br></p> Anu Varma, Shivani Thakur Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Effectiveness of the Anemia Prevention Education Program for Muslim Adolescent Girls in Indonesian Rural Areas <p>Introduction: In adolescent girls, the need for iron increases due to accelerated growth and monthly iron loss because of menstruation. Anemia in adolescent girls can cause a decrease in learning concentration, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, pale skin, and others. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the anemia prevention education program on adolescent girls’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices in Indonesian rural areas.<br>Method: The research sample consisted of 81 respondents (40 in the control group and 41 in the intervention group) from two schools, who were selected using total sampling for the control group and quota sampling for the intervention group. The anemia prevention education intervention consisted of 4 meeting sessions held every week for a month with 30-40 minutes for each meeting.<br>Result: Data analysis revealed that the anemia prevention education program effectively increased anemia knowledge (p=0.00) and practice (p=0.02). However, this program was ineffective in changing adolescent girls’ attitudes about anemia prevention (p=1.00) because adolescent girls had a positive attitude (100%) both before and after receiving education.<br>Conclusion: As a result, it can be stated that nurses and other health workers can apply for the anemia prevention education program conducted by the Public Health Center to improve adolescent girls’ knowledge and practice of anemia prevention.</p> Ahyal Miska, Asniar Asniar, Teuku Tahlil Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 History of Hand Hygiene Increases Undergraduate Nursing Students’ Positive Attitude Toward Hand Hygiene Practice <p>Various media on hand hygiene topics have been developed to make it easier for students to master the<br>procedure, but positive attitudes toward applying these skills have not significantly developed. The study aimed<br>to determine the effect of hand hygiene history on undergraduate nursing students’ attitudes to hand hygiene. A<br>quasi-experiment using a pre-and post-test with a control group design was conducted. Fifty-four students were<br>invited and randomly assigned to an intervention group and a control group. The intervention group obtained<br>the hand hygiene history through a booklet, while the control group got no treatment. The data were collected<br>using a questionnaire. The paired and unpaired t-test was applied to analyze the data. The results showed<br>that the average score of students’ attitudes in the intervention group increased from 58.44±5.98 to 65.52±5.29<br>(p&lt;0.001), while in the control group, it only increased from 60.41 ± 4.12 to 60.78 ± 5.06 (p=0.769). There was a<br>significant difference in the attitude value between the two groups (p = 0.021). In conclusion, hand hygiene<br>history improved students’ attitudes toward hand hygiene significantly. This study recommends complementing<br>hand hygiene learning with its history so that students are skilled and have the expected attitude to apply it.</p> Amalia Rizki Radika, Made Sumarwati, Koernia Nanda Pratama Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Correlation between Preventive Practices Towards COVID-19 and its Knowledge Among Nursing Students <p>Background: Preventive practices towards COVID-19 and its knowledge among nursing students should be considered in the planning of effective educational interventions for COVID-19 pandemic and to increase awareness about the health risks brought about by the disease.<br>Methods: A descriptive survey with quantitative approach was conducted among 330 B.Sc. Nursing students, by convenience sampling. An online data collection was carried out by sending the questionnaires through Google forms. The instruments were; Tool I- Section A – Socio-demographic data. Section B includes the Rating scale on Preventive practices towards COVID-19. Tool II- includes the questionnaire on Knowledge on preventive practices towards COVID-19. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 22.0.<br>Results: The study report shows that most of the 321(97%) nursing students were having good preventive practices towards COVID-19. Also, majority 310(94%) of them were having good knowledge on Preventive practices towards COVID-19. There was significant correlation between the preventive practices towards COVID-19 and its knowledge among B.Sc. Nursing students and the correlation coefficient is 0.287.<br>Conclusion: The findings of this study have provided baseline information on the current status of preventive practices towards COVID-19 and its knowledge among B.Sc. Nursing students.</p> Anila K P, Neethu Vijayan Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of a Planned Teaching Programme (PTP) on Knowledge Regarding Identification and Management of Cardiac Arrhythmias Among Staff Nurses Working in a Selected Hospital at Kerala <p>Cardiac arrhythmias are cardiac rhythm disorders that comprise an important epidemiological and public health problem. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to evaluate the effect of a Planned Teaching Programme on knowledge regarding identification and management of Cardiac Arrhythmias among staff nurses and find the association between the pretest knowledge level regarding identification and management of Cardiac Arrhythmias among staff nurses and the selected sociodemographic variables. Methodology: A quantitative research approach was used with quasi experimental design (one group pretest posttest design). The sample consists of 40 staff nurses, selected conveniently. Data were collected using the tools - socio-demographic data and structured knowledge questionnaire. Pretest was conducted on day 1. Planned Teaching Programme was given for 45 minutes on the same day. Posttest was conducted on day 14. Results: The paired ‘t’ test showed that the calculated ‘t’ value (12.37) was greater than the table ‘t’ value (3.55) which was significant at P &lt; 0.001. There was significant association between the sociodemographic variable - area of working and the pretest knowledge level of staff nurses. Conclusion: Planned Teaching Programme is highly effective in improving the knowledge of staff nurses regarding identification and management of cardiac arrhythmias.</p> Athira T. Devaraj, Rohini T Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Greek Women’s Knowledge and Perceptions Related to Breast Cancer Prevention <p>Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in women<br>worldwide. The aim of this survey was to investigate Greece women’s knowledge and perceptions related to<br>breast cancer prevention.<br>Methods: A reliable questionnaire from the literature was used which then was translated using the forward and<br>backward translation method. It contained 37 questions and the sample consisted of 650 women. The statistical<br>analysis was completed using SPSS 25. The study found that the majority of the sample had knowledge regarding<br>breast cancer prevention, they knew the importance of breast self-examination and annual clinical breast<br>examination needed to be conducted as well as the age to undergo their first mammogram. Age, occupation,<br>annual family income, education level, and marital status significantly influenced women’s knowledge and<br>perceptions related to breast cancer prevention.<br>Conclusions: The state, the media and schools contribute to raising awareness and the involvement of health<br>professionals is essential to better inform and educate adolescent girls and women on this issue.</p> Bakalis Nick, Koukoumi Eirini, Rekoumi Areti, Michalopoulou Antigone, Anagnostou Panagiotis, Kleopatra Kyrzopoulou, Filiotis Nikolaos Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Monkeypox-Trending Mutating & Out Bursting Disease <p>Monkey pox is a trending as well as mutating viral disease condition spreading all over the world especially the African countries. Monkeypox is a transmittable disease caused by the monkeypox virus that can occur in certain animals as well as humans. The name monkeypox initiates from the preliminary discovery of the virus in monkeys in a Danish laboratory in 1958. The first human case was identified in a child in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970.The time from acquaintance to onset of symptoms is usually 7 to 14 days. The West African clade, which has so far been distinguished in the cases reported in Europe, has been observed to have a case casualty rate of about 3.3% in Nigeria. Till now there is no official confirmed cases of Monkeypox have been reported in India. Monkeypox commences with fever, headache, muscle aches and ends with exhaustion. Some other clinical manifestations are swollen lymph nodes, chills, fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, exhaustion etc. Vaccination in contrast to smallpox was verified through several observational studies to be about 85% effective in avoiding monkeypox.</p> Dipankar Maiti, Victoria Sarvand Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Statement of the Problem: A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching (VAT) on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Corona Virus Among Staff Nurses Working in AH & RC, B G Nagara, Karnataka <p>At present scenario COVID infection creates a pandemic and cruel deadly situation through worldwide. First<br>case of Corona virus infection reported in Wuhan City of China in December 2019.Beginging from normal fever<br>&amp; common cold it becomes severe with the symptoms of breathing difficulty, persistent fever, loss of taste &amp;<br>smell etc. It travels through air from human to human as a form of droplet infection. So, to check and increases<br>the knowledge regarding prevention of corona virus among staff nurses working in AH &amp; RC, B.G Nagara,<br>Karnataka; I have done one video assisted teaching (VAT) session. Among total 60 staff nurse I have divided<br>them into two groups as follows: 40 members in Experimental group &amp; 20 members in Control group. The data<br>collection done from 01-10-2021 to 11-10-2021 in AH &amp; RC, B. G Nagara. After data analysing found that in the<br>pre-test level of knowledge 80% Poor, 15% Average, 5% Good knowledge in control group and 75% Poor, 20%<br>Average, 5% Good knowledge experimental group. The above posttest reveals that the percentage distribution<br>of level of knowledge 60% Poor, 30% Average, 10% Good knowledge in control group and Average 7.5% ,62.5%<br>Good &amp; 30% having very good knowledge in experimental group.The results show that gained knowledge by<br>the effectiveness of video assisted teaching in experimental group is 44.43%.</p> Dipankar Maiti, Balaji M S Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Evaluation Techniques in Nursing Education and their Influence on Students’ Performances <p>Background: Evaluation of nursing education is a topic that received much attention by the scientific community recently as it has direct bearing on students’ academic and clinical performance.<br>Aim: The study assessed the evaluating techniques and their influence on academic and clinical performances among student nurses.<br>Methods: A mixed method research design was employed. The target population comprises of all the tutors, clinical instructors, and students of five schools of Nursing in three States of Northern Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique aided the selection of targeted participants. Three instruments (questionnaire, Focus group discussion, and checklist) were used for data collection. The quantitative data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics while the qualitative data was analysed using thematic content analysis.<br>Findings: The findings of the study showed that most of the tutors used written examination, long essay questions, and multiple choice questions in theory examinations, and Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) for practical examination. Overall, the tutors use formative and summative evaluation approaches. There were significant influences of evaluation techniques on students’ academic performance in two subjects (mental health nursing and pharmacology), p &lt;0.05. The majority of the students submitted that they recorded good grade with long essay examinations as compared with multiple choice questions (MCQs) and combination of long essays and MCQs. For the clinical examination, the OSCE had more impact on students’ clinical performance compared to traditional clinical assessment because of the objectivity and smart nature of the technique.<br>Conclusion: Tutors should consider an evaluation technique that favours students’ academic and clinical performances. Much effort is required to improve the students’ position with the MCQs and the computer-based test (CBT) exams as virtually all educational agencies are gradually moving towards such techniques.</p> Faruk U. Abubakar, Auwalu Muhammed Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Performance of Students toward small group teaching in University College of Sabya <p>Background: Small group training may be incredibly useful for both learners and facilitators. Successful small groups, on the other hand, encourage active and deliberate participation and enhance student learning.<br>Main Body: The goal of this study was to see how students react to small-group teaching.<br>Patients and methods: A descriptive faculty-based study was done at Jazan University College of Sabya including 335 students from three departments participating in an online questionnaire about their knowledge, abilities, and attitudes toward small group teaching. Results: Most of the students had a high level of knowledge and abilities, as well as a good attitude toward small group instruction (67.75%).<br>Conclusion: These results highlight the importance of taking into account students’ success in small group education.<br>Recommendations: I recommend giving more attention to education through small group discussion</p> Fatimah Mohammed Ahmed Burayk Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Experience of Giving Birth; Insights of Evaluation of Childbirth Satisfaction <p>The importance of service as an added value different between organizations and improving customer<br>conservation has motivated organizations to adopt models and instruments to improve service and enhance<br>customer satisfaction. Based on the premise that “managing means assessing”, organizations have been investing<br>in various tools aimed at assessing service, detecting service gaps, and identifying the central elements that affect<br>customer satisfaction.<br>The study characterized and compared two central tools for assessing satisfaction: the SERVICEQUAL<br>model, which examines the gaps in service in five different dimensions, and the PS3 model, which examines the<br>effect of three elements—Personal care, Physical surrounding, and Process technical—on women’s satisfaction<br>with childbirth care.<br>The findings show that in both models, the dimension of personal touch, particularly empathy, accessibility,<br>and reliability of the medical team, was the most meaningful parameter in determining the level of satisfaction<br>and the service experience of the mother. Additionally, according to the SQ model, the tangibles of the service<br>also carry an important role in the patient’s satisfaction during childbirth. In other words, better service in terms<br>of the tangible elements of the process lead to higher satisfaction among the patients.</p> Iris Gertner Moryossef, Keren Or Chen Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Assess Knowledge and Attitude on Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) Among Post Natal Mothers in Selected Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha <p>Introduction: Each year nearly 3.1 million of the newborns die during the neonatal period and almost (99%) death occur in the developing countries. They need optimal care for improved survival. The care depends on the knowledge and attitude of mother. Objectives: To identify the knowledge &amp; attitude on home based newborn care among post natal mothers.<br>Methodology: A total of 169 post natal mothers were participated in the study. A non-experimental descriptive survey design and consecutive sampling was used in this study. Data were collected by the researcher by face to face interview. A structured interview schedule covering socio-demographic factors, knowledge, &amp; attitude of post-natal women on home-based baby care was employed, using 25 MCQs and a 5-point Likert scale. Data were analyzed by SPSS-20.<br>Results: The study’s findings revealed that there was a weakly positive association between knowledge &amp; attitude on home-based newborn care among postnatal mothers, with a correlation coefficient of 0.079 and a p value of 0.937, which was not statistically significant. The knowledge level are statistically significant with selected socio demographic variables of Educational qualification, Occupation, Parity, Monthly family income and the attitude level are statistically significant with selected Socio demographic Variables Age, Educational qualification, Parity and Monthly family income.<br>Conclusion: The mother is the typical person who provides immediate care for the infant. As a result, a variety of factors influence her knowledge and attitude towards baby care. As a result, time and satisfactory performance at home-based new-born care necessitate instructional programmes aimed specifically at postnatal mothers.</p> Kabita Puhan, Krishna Samantaray, Ritarani Nayak Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Kneading Technique on Joint Pain Among Old Age People Residing in Selected Village at Panipat <p>Kneading is a form of massage that involves a gradual circular compression of the soft tissues under the bones.<br>Great pressure is applied as the hands move closer, although the contact continues. Stirring stimulates the flow<br>of tissue fluids and causes reflex vasodilatation. This reduces inflammation and helps resolve inflammation.<br>Exercising vigorously reduces muscle cramps and can stretch the muscles shortened by injury and stimulates<br>the nervous system which can produce calm and reduce feelings of stress and anxiety. Objectives of the study:<br>To assess the level of joint pain among the elderly prior to the initiation of the mixing procedure in the study<br>group. To evaluate the effectiveness of the mixing procedures at the level of joint pain among the elderly in the<br>study group. Comparison of post-test pain scores reported between older adults between the study group and<br>the control group. Finding a link between the level of joint pain between older people and their chosen variables.<br>The scientist has developed a method of multidisciplinary research research and experimental style for sixty<br>seniors living in the Panipat valley in a way that is easily accessible. The Modified Extremities Functional Scale<br>is designed to measure a patient’s joint pain. Results: In the evaluation group the pain assessment rate showed<br>that (56.67%) the subject had minimal pain, (43.33%) the subject had moderate joint pain and none of the subjects<br>(0%) had significant pain, severe pain and no pain. respectively while the control group (43.33%) the subject had<br>severe pain, (39%) the subject had severe pain, (26.67%) the subject had moderate pain and none of the subjects<br>had minor or no pain. the mixing method is effective in relieving the level of joint pain.</p> Ms. Kajal Brar, Ms Kalpana Mohan Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on knowledge and practices regarding Endotracheal Suctioning among Staff Nurses working in Intensive Care Units of Selected Hospitals of Jalandhar, Punjab, 2021 <p>A Quasi experimental design was used in the study. Sample size was 100 registered staff nurses with 50 in<br>control group and 50 in experimental group working in intensive care units of selected hospitals of Jalandhar,<br>Punjab. For sample collection, Convenience sampling technique was used. Descriptive and inferential statistics<br>was used for data analysed. The result revealed that in experimental group there was significant difference<br>between pre test and post test mean knowledge score &amp; SD (10.72 ± 3.252) and (18.22 ± 3.893) respectively,<br>whereas in control group there was no significant difference between pre test and post test mean knowledge<br>score &amp; SD (10.34 ± 2.344) and (10.44 ± 2.459) respectively regarding endotracheal suctioning among staff nurses.<br>Furthermore, It was found that in experimental group there was a significant difference between pre test and<br>post test mean practices score &amp; SD (21.66±2.677) and (28.50±3.581) respectively, whereas in control group<br>there was no significant difference between pre test and post test mean practices score &amp; SD (21.30 ± 3.518) and<br>(21.18 ± 3.433) respectively regarding endotracheal suctioning among staff nurses. Thus it was concluded that<br>the structured teaching programme was effective in improving knowledge and practices regarding endotracheal<br>suctioning among staff nurses in experimental group.</p> Kulwinder Kaur Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Treatment Outcome and Associated Factors of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) among Under Five Children in Selected Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres (NRC) of Odisha <p>Background: Children with severe acute malnutrition are therapeutically managed in the nutritional rehabilitation centres in terms of diet and required medicines based on their medical complication. There is visible improvement in the treatment outcome indicators at a minimal stay of fifteen days in nutritional rehabilitation centre.<br>Objectives: Study objective was to assess the associated actors of SAM and to identify the treatment outcome among under five children admitted in nutritional rehabilitation centres.<br>Methods: Quantitative approach with descriptive research design was adopted. A total of 62 samples were taken by using non-probability convenience sampling. Data were collected by using interviewer administered questionnaire on demographic characteristics and associated factors of SAM. Health assessment was done by the structured outcome indicators on admission, at one week of treatment and on discharge to identify the treatment outcome.<br>Result: Findings of the study revealed that there were significant association between occupation of mother and exclusive breastfeeding practice at 0.05 level of significance as the p value is &lt; 0.05*. The repeated measure ANOVA analysis shows that there are significant changes occurring in the treatment outcome indicators from admission to discharge as the p value is 0.00* and the selected treatment outcome weight is associated with age of the child at 0.05 level of significance.<br>Conclusion: Hence the treatment outcome of SAM is good in terms of outcome indicators. Lack of exclusive breastfeeding practices due to occupation of mother is the factor associated with SAM.</p> Meeksmita Sahu, Tapati Saha, Rubi Pradhan Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Risk Factors and Adverse Events During Intra Hospital Transportation Among Critically Ill with a View to Develop Patient Transport Checklist <p>AIM: A study to assess the risk factors and adverse events during intra hospital transportation among critically ill with a view to develop patient transport checklist<br>OBJECTIVES:<br>1.<br>To determine the risk factors associated with intra hospital transportation of critically ill patients.<br>2.<br>To identify the adverse events that occurs during intra hospital transport of critically ill patients.<br>3.<br>To correlate the risk factors of intra hospital patient transportation and selected baseline variables.<br>4.<br>To find out the association between risk factors during intra hospital transport and selected baseline variables<br>5.<br>To develop an intra-hospital patient transport checklist<br>METHODOLOGY: For this study, a descriptive research design was used and 100 critically ill patients were selected using convenient sampling technique. Baseline variables, were assessed using baseline proforma, risk factors and adverse events were identified by using the checklists. Formal written permission was obtained from the authorities prior to the data collection process. The data was analyzed by using both descriptive and inferential statistics on the basis of objectives and assumptions of the study.<br>RESULT: Positive correlation was found between the patients risk score of transportation with APACHE II (rs= 0.48) and FiO2(rs=0.58). APACHE II (p=0.001), GCS (p=0.001), heart rate during transport (p=0.007), MAP during transport (p=0.010),respiratory rate during transport (p=0.031), Fio2 during transport (p=0.001), airway (Z= -7.03,p =0.001), mode of transport (Z= -3.08, p=0.002), presence of central venous lines(Z= -7.08,p=0.001), arterial line (Z= -3.79,p=0.001), ionotropes (Z= -5.08,p=0.001), sedation(Z= -3.11 p=0.002), nasogastric tube (Z= -7.62, p=0.001) and Foleys catheter (Z= -4.55, p=0.001) have significant association with patients risk scores of transportation. Hence, the researcher concludes that identifying the patients risk scores before transportation can significantly reduce the adverse events during transport by strict adherence to hospital protocols and usage of checklists.</p> Nisha S, Sariga J Theresa Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Comparative Study Regarding Online and Offline Educational Learning Method on Second Year And Third Year Basic B.Sc. Nursing Students in Selected College <p>Background: The sudden outbreak of COVID 19 pandemic shook the entire world and this situation challenged<br>the education system across the world which forced the educators to shift to an online mode of teaching overnight.<br>However the effective use of online leaning method in nursing field is unknown. Methods: A comparative<br>survey research design was used. The sample for the study were second and third year Basic B. Sc. Nursing<br>students. A 5 point Likert scale was used to collect the comparative data. Purposive sampling technique was<br>used to collect the data from 62 students. Results: For online educational learning method: 36.33% strongly<br>agree, 11% agree, 38.22% neutral, 12% disagree, 3.5% strongly disagree. For offline educational learning method:<br>42.36% strongly agree, 1.18% agree, 16.02% neutral, 39.89% disagree, 0.10% strongly disagree. Conclusion: The<br>conclusion drawn from the findings of the study is that offline learning method is better than online learning<br>method according to second and third year Basic B. Sc. Nursing students.</p> Pratima Mohite Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the Impact of the Use of Immersive Virtual Reality Interactive Experiences on Student Learning of Obstetrical Nursing <p>Background: Virtual reality technology can improve traditional teaching methods by removing time and space constraints for learners, increasing learning interest, and promoting the potential for greater empathy and better communication skills in learners through immersion in the subjective experience of others from a first-person perspective.<br>Methods: An immersive virtual reality obstetrical nursing learning system was constructed and applied to an obstetrical nursing curriculum. Qualitative interviews and feedback forms filled out by students were used to understand nursing students’ learning experiences and feelings about the application of VR interactive experiences to obstetrical nursing.<br>Result: Most of the students found that the VR interactive experience could inspire empathy, enhance communication between patients and nurses, provide a stress-free learning environment, and increase interest and confidence in learning.<br>Conclusion: The development of innovative VR learning materials will help students to overcome the constraints of time and space, and provide them with the opportunity to practice their skills in an immersive simulation should in-person classes be discontinued in response to emerging epidemics, thus facilitating learning continuity.</p> Pao Ju Chen, Wei Kai Liou Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Perception: A Critical Analysis of the Hospitalized Patients on Falls <p>There is an estimate of 700,000 to one million hospitalized patients who have a fall each year. Fall can lead to injury and prolong hospitalization. Patients have their own perception about falls and falls prevention measures. In order to prevent falls, nurses do perform fall risk assessment for all vulnerable hospitalized patients. But do not take into consideration the perception of patients on falls. The primary objective of the study was to correlate fall related perception of patients and nurses fall risk assessment. A descriptive correlational research design was used for the study. The study was conducted on patients who were at risk for fall and admitted in the general surgical wards of a tertiary care Centre. Study subjects were in the age group of 17- 65 years, spoke Tamil, Hindi or English and those with scores between 1 – 10 in the nurses fall risk assessment were included in the study. Those who had cognitive deficits, dementia, delirium and not ambulatory were excluded from the study. A simple random sampling method was used in recruiting study sample. A written consent was obtained from the patients who consented to participate. Following this a self- administered Fall-related Perceptions questionnaire was handed over to them in a language of their preference. Majority of the study participants were in the age group of 51-60 years. Gender distribution of males were high as 80.4%. About 42.7% were educated and 92.2% were employed and 92.4% had an annual income of less than Rs. 10000. Those who had undergone surgeries were 68.4% and none of the study subjects had a history of fall in the past. It was found that there is a positive relationship between the patients perception on the likelihood of falling and the nurses fall risk assessment.<br>(r value = .261 p = .000 ).</p> Priscilla R. Sam, Premila Lee Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Mindsound Resonanace Technique (MSRT) on Working Memory Among High School Children in a Selectected High School, Bhubaneswar, Odisha <p>Introduction: The school aged children are going through numerous stressors and anxiety in their life which could impact their academic performance. Yoga is an ancient science that has found useful in enhancing the children’s working memory ability. The main aim of the study to evaluate the effect of MSRT on working memory ability of high school students.<br>Methodology: The Present study consisted of students divided into control group and experiment group. A quasi-experimental research design was used and purposive sampling technique were used to pick a total of 80 samples. Samples who met the inclusion criteria are categorized in to experimental group (n = 40) and Control group (n = 40), Self-structured socio demographic Performa and standardised Digit Span Test used to collect the data in selected High School, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.<br>Result: The study result showed a significant difference between the pre-test and post -test level of working memory after giving the intervention. There was significant association between Working memory ability with the selected demographic variable i.e., Age in year in both intervention and control group.<br>Conclusion: The present study concluded that Mind sound Resonance Technique is effective to enhancing the working memory ability among high school students. Further study can be conducted with large sample and with the alternative technique to improve the working memory ability.</p> Puspanjali Senapati, Dhanya VJ, Shaswati Jena Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Burden and Quality of Life Among Caregivers of Patient Suffering with Cardiovascular Diseases at IMS & Sum Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha <p>Introduction: Burden is a termed make use for the care-giver &amp; it is a kind of agony, that caregiver suffers from a result of caring for the client. A family member or relative who regularly looks after the patients. Care giver may involve in personal care, financial support, helping with medical procedure, transportation etc. The cardiovascular disease patients caregivers will experience significant level of burden that influence their QOL. The main aim of the study to find out the level of burden and QOL of caregivers.<br>Methodology: A descriptive co-relational research design was used &amp; purposive sampling technique were used to pick a total of 200 samples., (n=200). Self-structured socio demographic questionnaire was used to collect the socio demographic data &amp; standardized Caregiver Burden Inventory Scale and standardized WHOQOL- BREF scale was used to collect the data in IMS &amp; SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.<br>Result: The study result showed the Karl Pearson’s correlation co-efficient reveals that there is burden have a significant negative correlation (-0.306, p=&lt;0.01) with QOL. The ANOVA test &amp; t test reveals that significant difference between burden &amp; QOL with socio-demographic variables.<br>Conclusion: The present study concluded that majority are in 30-40 years age group are having high burden . Care givers require more counselling to cope-up with the burden &amp; to manage the burden of care giving for the cardiovascular patients. QOL was worst affected due to the burden &amp; care giving to the cardiovascular patients. The QOL of young people is more affected than the elderly due to care giving.</p> Rashmipriya Rath, Rashmimala Pradhan, Mamata Swain Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study to Assess the Internet Addition and Social Withdrawal Among Students of Private Institute of Block Pacchad, Distt. Sirmour, H.P. <p>Background: Internet addiction is one of the socially growing issues. It has been affecting large number of<br>population mainly the youth. Internet has become essential part of our daily life mainly among students,<br>adolescents and youth. The study aims to find out the correlation between internet addiction and loneliness.<br>Methods: Correlation study design was used for the conduction of study. By using total enumerative sampling<br>98 samples were selected. Internet addiction and UCLA loneliness scale were used for data collection. Study<br>results revealed that most of sample were of 21years and 52% study samples were UG students. 41.8% of the<br>students having family income between 2.5 to 5 lakh. 41.8% of the students use their phone for 2-4 hours per day<br>and mostly 77.6% spending time on social networking applications. 86.7% samples spent 500-700Rs for monthly<br>data packs. 46.9% samples reported that they had satisfactory relationship with their family members. 70.0% of<br>the students often feel stressed for not being able to use internet for couple of hours.<br>Conclusion: Study results showed that there was correlation between internet addictions and loneliness. This<br>study conclude that that internet addiction does not lead to loneliness.</p> Sameeksha, Upasna Sharma, Yati Mehta, Tamana, Vasundhra, Vaishali Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Childhood Behaviour Disorder Autism Among Mothers Child with Autism of Selected Developmental Centres of Agartala, Tripura, India <p>Abstract: Childhood Behaviour Disorder Autism is a fast growing problem worldwide according to present<br>scenario. 1 in 100 children in India are suffering from childhood behaviour disorder Autism. This disorder has<br>a drastic negative impact on the normal development of a child. Mothers are the primary care giver for their<br>children. So that a strong knowledge and attitude of mothers child with Autism is the vital factor in proper<br>guidance for behaviour management of their under developed child.<br>Aim: The present pilot study was carried out with the aim of assessment of knowledge and attitude regarding<br>childhood behaviour disorder Autism among mothers child with Autism.<br>Material and method: 50 mothers child with Autism were selected for present experimental pilot study.<br>Purposive sampling technique, structured teaching programme, semi structured questionnaire based on<br>knowledge and attitude were implemented. The present pilot study was carried out 6.1.2022 to 13.1.2022 in the<br>District Disability Rehabilitation Centre of Agartala.<br>Result: pre-test knowledge of mothers about child hood behaviour disorder mean was 5.05, post-test knowledge<br>of mothers about child hood behaviour disorder mean was 11.75 with standard deviation 2.195,t test value<br>18.160 and p value .000.So the result of pilot study of knowledge among mothers is significant. Pre-test positive<br>(favourable) Attitude response mean was 10.7255, post test positive Attitude response was 13.2745, Standard<br>deviation of pre-test positive response 1.73296, t test value 50, df 50 and p value .000, so favourable attitude<br>response is significant.<br>Conclusion: Mothers with lower in education, non-availability of child development centres facility and financial<br>support, lack of awareness regarding Autism negatively impacted the study result which significantly improved<br>in the end result of this experimental comparative study. Proper health education for improvement of knowledge<br>and attitude is an important key factor for mothers how they should treat and care their child. According to the<br>study education of mothers, financial support, healthcare support are the most important factors which can<br>improve the knowledge and attitude of mothers.</p> Shipra Sen, Rajwant Randhawa Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding COVID-19 among Mother Child with Autism at District Disability Rehabilitation Centre at Agartala, Tripura, India <p>In spite of high density of population, higher in poverty, lower levels of per capita public health infrastructure in our country interestingly recovery rate of COVID-19 is good. COVID-19 is a novel respiratory disease. Studies suggest that lack of proper knowledge regarding COVID-19, severe morbidity and high mortality also high in our country. During any kind of disaster or pandemic vulnerable groups or populations like mental and neorudevelopmetal disorder like child with autism spectrum disorder known to be overly effected in negative way. According to epidemiological research report during the last decade there is dramatically increase in the rate of autism with prevalence of 5 to 10 cases of classic autism per 10,000 . Knowledge regarding COVID-19 among mothers child with autism was negatively correlated with the demographical value and social functional support reported by the mothers child with autism. This study sought to assess the knowledge toward COVID-19 among mother with autism seeking care for their child with autism in the District Disability Rehabilitation Centre, Tripura. This descriptive study hypothesized there are adequate knowledge about COVID-19 as because awareness was done by mass media from government and nongovernment side in a very intensive way. We conduct an investigation how mother child with autism with their specific demographical properties shows their knowledge about COVID-19 awareness and strategy they applied to prevent and recover from COVID-19.Our sample was selected randomly. Our study shows that knowledge and strategy of mother regarding COVID-19 significantly associated with their education, mother with special training, source of income, background of family support. The awareness level high among mothers about COVID-19 in percent was high 6.7 levels. Proportion of High Strategic capacity with COVID- 19 as high percentage18.7. This descriptive study is according result is significant with selected demographical variables of mothers child with autism.<br>Method: A descriptive study was conducted in District Disability Rehabilitation Centre, Tripura. A simple random sampling technique was conducted with structured questionnaire in this centre. A total 50 mothers with child autism were randomly sampled. Descriptive analysis was used to assess the knowledge between the mothers with autism with demographic variables. Data was analyzed depending priorities on source of hearing and visualizing awareness, awareness regarding source of infection, sign and symptoms of infection, strategies adopted to withstand challenges from COVID-19,vulnerable group’s members, Proportion of high strategies capacity with COVID-19.<br>Result: The awareness level high among mothers about COVID-19 in percent was 6.7 levels. Because our Government did mass awareness on Covid-19 as well as District Disability Centre also. Distribution source of hearing about COVID-19 knowledge among mothers according to study mostly from newspaper is 37%. Awareness among mothers about sources of infection high in percentage via handshaking is 70.3, CoughDroplets and Public Gathering are same as 49.3.Symptom awareness of fever, cough, breathlessness are equal as<br>in percentage 70.Strategies adopted to withstand challenges from COVID-19 in percentages in hand washing and<br>using sanitizer 70.9. The demographical independent variables are the age, religion, education, family income,<br>residential area, with chronic stress child with autism. Mothers child with autism without family support and<br>with no formal education negatively associated with Covid-19 strategic capacity in percentage. According to our<br>study mothers have adequate knowledge regarding COVID-19 is resulted Proportion of high Strategic capacity<br>with COVID-19 in percentage is 18.7<br>Conclusion: Although majority of mothers have adequate knowledge about COVID-19 and engaged in good<br>practice of COVID-19, awareness level have to increase in all mothers with different demographical variables .As<br>a study result mothers are aware about COVID-19 in percent 33.3 in low lavel,60 percent are in medium level.<br>From result there is some decrease in awareness depending on demographical value as education, family income,<br>special training, background of family support and types of family negatively impact- the adequate knowledge<br>among mothers. From we come in conclusion that mothers have adequate knowledge about COVID-19 with<br>path of strategic capacity.</p> Shipra Sen, Rajwant Randhawa, Priyanka Choudary Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Childhood Behaviour Disorder Autism Among Mothers of Selected Developmental Centres of Agartala, Tripura, India <p>Background of the study: Autism is a Global burden including in our country India. Autism in the developmental<br>disorder included under the umbrella of the pervasive development disorder. Childhood developmental disorder<br>Autism characterized by deficits in social interaction, communication with unusual repetitive behaviour. Usually<br>they live in their won world. Event they may show no interest what is happening around their. They remain usually<br>in their won world. Socialization, education are big challenge for mothers whose has the child with Autism. Because<br>in the way of development of such children needed specialised knowledge and attitude of mothers including<br>caregivers, parents and teachers. Keeping mind the concurrent, the present study aims to progression of awareness<br>and development of childhood behaviour disorder Autism in Tripura, Agartala as well as in our country India.<br>Materials and methods: Present study is a quasi-experimental research design.500 mothers of Vidya Welfare<br>Society and Tripura Medical College &amp; Dr.B.R.A.M Teaching Hospital, Agartala with child with Autism<br>were selected by purposive sampling technique. Dr. Nola Pender theory was implied in this study. 40 Semi<br>structured questionnaire of knowledge and 12 Attitude were administered after structured teaching programme.<br>The estimated reliability of the tool is 0.90. Data were analysed by inferential quantitative method.<br>Results: The results of post-test knowledge showed the increase in knowledge regarding childhood behaviour<br>disorder autism. The reliability of the tool structure knowledge questionnaire was 0.82 and the tool for<br>attitude was 0.90. The enhancement of knowledge regarding meaning and characteristics of autism was 38.7%,<br>enhancement of knowledge regarding causes of autism was 41.2% and enhancement of knowledge regarding<br>management was 39.6% and the over all aspects of knowledge was 39.4%. The increase or enhancement of<br>attitude regarding childhood behavioural disorder autism was 19.1%. The paired t-test was carried out and it<br>was found to be remain significant for knowledge and attitude at p&lt;0.001 level. Results implied that increase in<br>knowledge and the increase in attitude regarding childhood behavioural disorder autism among mothers child<br>with autism in this present study.<br>Conclusion: Mothers with more education and financial empowerment will make easier path to manage<br>childhood behaviour disorder Autism. This study also suggest for more family support, Intra-natal care ,to<br>provide child joint family environment, access of others institutional health care and counselling centres facility<br>for behaviour disorder autism of child also need for proper knowledge and attitude of mothers’ child with autism.</p> Shipra Sen, Rajwant Randhawa Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Hyperthermic Intra Peritoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) <p>Abdominal cancer in advanced stages known to be less responsive to any treatment modalities has gained positive results with HIPEC procedure done after a complete cyto-reductive surgery. HIPEC causes selective cell killing of the malignant cell, enhances the drug potency and increases the tissue penetration by the chemo therapeutic agent. It also causes regional dose intensification. Proved to be a successfully emerging option it is the need of the hour for the perioperative nurse to be updated with the latest knowledge, skill, and trends regarding HIPEC.</p> <p>De inition: HIPEC is a highly concentrated, heated chemotherapy treatment that is delivered directly into the abdomen during surgery.</p> Sonia P Abraham, Malini Rachel C.V, Daisy Sheeba Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Relationship between Patient Care Management and Nurse Job Satisfaction in a Regional Hospital <p>The hospital’s demand to increase nurse job satisfaction is influenced by various factors including the<br>implementation of good patient care management. In nursing professional development, job satisfaction<br>provides guidelines for various hospital services. This study aims to determine the relationship between patient<br>care management and nurse job satisfaction. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 303 nurses working<br>in a regional Hospital in Indonesia. The demographic data were collected using the patient care management<br>questionnaire on the Main Duties and Functions of the case manager for the Hospital Accreditation Commission<br>while information on job satisfaction was assessed through the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, then the<br>analysis was carried out with the Chi-Square Test. The bivariate test showed that patient care management has<br>a p-value of 0.004. There was a relationship between patient care management and job satisfaction. Based on the<br>results, nurses need to understand patient care management from the case manager’s perspective to increase<br>their job satisfaction.</p> Teungku Muhammad Sabil, Hilman Syarif2, Marthoenis Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Clinical Reasoning Process of Novice and Expert using Consensual Qualitative Research in Observational Situations of Postpartum mothers and Newborns <p>Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the process of clinical reasoning in novice level nursing students and expert level midwives using the Dreyfus model in the setting of an observational situations of subjects (postpartum mothers and newborns) as nursing practice.<br>Methods: Consensual Qualitative Research used for qualitative research. The study used the Vignettes Method to compare the behaviors of novices and experts in the same situation, setting up an observation scene of a postpartum woman on the third day and a newborn on the third day after birth. The novices in the study were two fourth-year nursing students at the A university, and the experts were two midwives with more than<br>10 years of experience.<br>Results: Eighteen core ideas were identified as clinical reasoning processes in the two domains of ‘pre-information gathering’ and ‘participants’ observation situations’ for novices and experts.<br>Conclusions: Novices functioned mainly on analytic reasoning only and were likely to make errors in definitive diagnosis, while the experts used empirical knowledge intuitively and combined narrative reasoning to ensure the accuracy of their clinical reasoning.</p> Yuko Uemura, Kumiko Kido Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of the Knowledge and Perceptions of Midwives and Nurses About Newborn Feeding Ability and The Early Initiation Of Breastfeeding. <p>Background: Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) is one of the measures to reduce newborn mortality. Nurses and midwives are crucial healthcare workers to achieving EIBF.<br>Objective: To explore the knowledge and perceptions of nurses and midwives towards breastmilk and breastfeeding, EIBF and the perceived barriers to EIBF.<br>Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study using an adapted standardized questionnaire which tested 4 domains of: knowledge about breastmilk and breastfeeding; the ability of the newborn to feed immediately after birth; the practice of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) for the newborn; and the practice of EIBF. The knowledge and perception of the respondents were categorized as good or poor if the total scores from the question-domains were ≥ 70% or &lt; 70% respectively. <br>Results: The general knowledge and perception about breastmilk and breastfeeding initiation was good with 64.6% and 62.6 % of respondents respectively having scores ≥ 70. The perception of the newborn feeding ability and the role of SSC were poor with scores of 27.1% and 31.3% respectively. The leading perceived barrier to EIBF was the mother being on nil-per-oris after C/S (81.3%). Binary logistic regression applied to the predictors of good practice in EIBF showed that the participants’ length of stay in their current ward posting (p = 0.002), knowledge about breastmilk and breastfeeding (p = 0.04) and perception of SSC (p = 0.003) were the most significant.<br>Conclusion: Knowledge dissemination should prioritize the importance of EIBF and its perceived barriers.</p> Olufunke B. Bolaji, Ezra O. Ogundare, Samuel O. Ajigbotosho, Ayodeji Ajibola, Adekunle B. Taiwo, Olusegun J Adebami Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000