Classification of Neonatal Mortality Risk Factors
Keywords:risk factors, neonatal mortality, classification, maternal, health service.
Background: The efforts to reduce neonatal mortality were not optimal as targeted by MDGS’s 2015. The
number revealed, seen from the mortality rate of neonatal, is still quite high. This study aims to determine
and to classify the risk factors of neonatal mortality in Situbondo district based on neonatal factors, maternal
factors, and health care factors. Method: a retrospective descriptive research with survey research design
and secondary data was used. The population of this study were neonates who died at RSUD Dr. Abdoer
Rahem Situbondo period 2015-2016 in total sampling according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The
number of samples that fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria was 50 people. Result: The results
showed that of 50 neonatal mortality consisted of 46 (92%) early neonatal mortality and 4 (8%) late neonatal
mortality. Neonatal mortality were most common in neonates of male sex, low body weight, premature, and
asphyxia. Based on maternal factors, neonatal mortality occurs in mothers of <20 and> 35 years of age,
primary education, housewives, less family income, less or more nutritional status, abdominal massage
history, incomplete ANC, women with no previous birth (nulliparous) and deliver normally. Conclusion:
Factors affecting neonatal mortality are classified into three components, namely neonatal factors, maternal
factors and health service factors.