Classification of Neonatal Mortality Risk Factors

Authors

  • Raesita Aliefa Sekardira1 , Sulistiawati2 , Risa Etika3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i6.10012

Keywords:

risk factors, neonatal mortality, classification, maternal, health service.

Abstract

Background: The efforts to reduce neonatal mortality were not optimal as targeted by MDGS’s 2015. The

number revealed, seen from the mortality rate of neonatal, is still quite high. This study aims to determine

and to classify the risk factors of neonatal mortality in Situbondo district based on neonatal factors, maternal

factors, and health care factors. Method: a retrospective descriptive research with survey research design

and secondary data was used. The population of this study were neonates who died at RSUD Dr. Abdoer

Rahem Situbondo period 2015-2016 in total sampling according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The

number of samples that fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria was 50 people. Result: The results

showed that of 50 neonatal mortality consisted of 46 (92%) early neonatal mortality and 4 (8%) late neonatal

mortality. Neonatal mortality were most common in neonates of male sex, low body weight, premature, and

asphyxia. Based on maternal factors, neonatal mortality occurs in mothers of <20 and> 35 years of age,

primary education, housewives, less family income, less or more nutritional status, abdominal massage

history, incomplete ANC, women with no previous birth (nulliparous) and deliver normally. Conclusion:

Factors affecting neonatal mortality are classified into three components, namely neonatal factors, maternal

factors and health service factors.

Author Biography

Raesita Aliefa Sekardira1 , Sulistiawati2 , Risa Etika3

1 Clinical Student at Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 2Head of Department of

Public Health-Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 3 Lecturer at

Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2020-06-25

How to Cite

Raesita Aliefa Sekardira1 , Sulistiawati2 , Risa Etika3. (2020). Classification of Neonatal Mortality Risk Factors. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(6), 1439-1445. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i6.10012