Analysis of Stunting Risk Factors in Toddlers


  • Astik Umiyah
  • Azizatul Hamidiyah



Risk Factors, Stunting, Toddlers


Stunting is the impaired growth and development that children experience from poor nutrition, repeated
infection, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation. In 2018, 22,2% toddlers with stunting in the world and
36,4% toddlers with stunting in Indonesia. Situbondo is a district with the third rank of stunting cases in
the province of East Java, Indonesia. As of February 2019, the Banyuputih Community Health Care has the
highest stunting rate of toddlers in Situbondo Regency, which is 42.7%, with details of 25.21 very short
children and 17.49% short. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for stunting in toddlers
in the Banyuputih Community Health Center, Situbondo Regency, province of East Java, Indonesia. This
research was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. The sample in the study was 274 toddlers
in the Banyuputih Community Health Center working area. The sampling technique used was proportional
random sampling. This research instrument used an observation sheet in collecting the independent and
dependent variables. Data analysis was performed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate tests. The
results showed that anemia (Pvalue 0.014) and family income (Pvalue 0.000) were proven to be associated
with the incidence of stunting in toddlers in the Banyuputih Community Health Center Work Area. From
the OR value of anemia, it is obtained 3.504, meaning that mothers who have anemia during pregnancy have
a chance to have children with stunting by 3.504 times compared to mothers who do not experience anemia
during pregnancy. Likewise, from the OR value of family income, it was obtained 361,999, meaning that
toddlers who were in families with an income less than the regional minimum wage had a chance of stunting
of 361,999 compared to toddlers from families with income above the regional minimum wage.

Author Biographies

Astik Umiyah

Assistant Professor in Midwifery

Azizatul Hamidiyah

Assistant Professor in Public Health, Midwifery Program Study,
Faculty of Health Sciences, Ibrahimy University, Situbondo, East Java, Indonesia



How to Cite

Astik Umiyah, & Azizatul Hamidiyah. (2021). Analysis of Stunting Risk Factors in Toddlers. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(2), 58-63.