Effectiveness of Back Massage vs Breathing Exercises on Labour Pain and Anxiety among Primigravida Mothers During First Stage of Labour in Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni (Bk)
Keywords:Assess, effectiveness, back massage, breathing exercises, labor Pain,anxiety, primigravida, first stage of labor
Background: Pregnancy is a special event. The labour & birth process is an exciting, anxiety provoking
situation for the woman & her family. Each woman comes into labour room with her own set of expectation,
fear, preparation, pain threshold, personality & behavioural make up & ways of experiencing what is
happening to her, which has to be managed effectively. The pain involved in labour & birth can sometimes
dominate a pregnant woman or a couple throughout child, particularly as the baby’s due date approaches.
The time of labour & birth, though short, in comparison with the length of pregnancy, is the most dramatic
& significant period of pregnancy for the expectant woman.
Method: Quasi experimental study, pre and post-test design with quantitative approach was used. Setting of
the study was in Pravara rural hospital, Loni (Bk).Those primigravida women who are above 19 years of age
and fulfilling the inclusion criteria and were available during study period were the samples for this present
study. Sample size was total 60 (30 of them to study group I and 30 of them to study group II).Purposive
sampling technique was used for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to assess demographic and
obstetrical variables, labor pain of mother was assessed by visual analogue scale and anxiety of the mother
was assessed by the state –Trait Anxiety inventory scale.
Results: Analysis showed that comparison of mean and SD of pretest level and posttest level of labour pain
in study group I & II was very highly significant at P=0.001 level and comparison of mean and SD of pretest
level and posttest level of anxietyin study group I & II was very highly significant at P=0.001 level. The
result depicted that, there was statistical significance found in labour pain of primigravida mothers in study
group I & II at P=0.01 level. Regarding anxiety of primigravida mothers in study group I & II, there was
significant difference found at P=0.01 level.
Conclusion: Labour is very sensitive phase of a women, fear and anxiety may be high in primi mothers
during process of labour. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological method of pain relief are complementary
procedures which help a woman suffer less anxiety and pain during childbirth. Thus this study conclude that
back massage and breathing exercises provided more persistent pain relief and reduce anxiety. It is effective, non-pharmacologic, accessible, cost effective
and non-invasive technique to help reduce the
intensity of labour pain and anxiety.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.