Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Blood Components Transfusion and its Complications among Staff Nurses
Keywords:Effectiveness, Structured Teaching Programme, Knowledge, Blood Components, Transfusion, Complications, Staff Nurses.
Blood components transfusion, commonly referred to as blood transfusion in general term for the transfusion
of red blood cells, platelets, fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, or white blood cells directly into patients
circulation. This study aims to assist the staff nurses in safe and effective administration of blood components
and prevention of complications.
Methodology: An evaluative approach with pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test design was used
for the study. A structured interview schedule was used to collect the data. The sample includes 50 staff
nurses from selected hospitals of Bagalkot District was selected with simple random sampling technique.
The data collected before and after the administration of STP were analyzed using descriptive and inferential
Results: The mean percentage of knowledge scores of the staff nurses in the pre-test was 60.91% with mean
and SD (17.9±3.53), whereas the mean percentage of knowledge scores in post-test was 84.39% with mean
and SD (25.42±3.07).. Significance of difference between the pre-test and post-test knowledge scores was
found to be highly significant [t= 16.64, p<0.05]. There was a significant association found between pretest knowledge scores of the staff nurses and socio demographic variable like training in blood components
transfusion (?2 = 5.0585; P<0.05).
Conclusion: The study proved that structured teaching programme was effectiveness in improving the
knowledge of staff nurses on blood components transfusion and its complications.
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