Assessment of Quality of Life and Activities of Daily Living among the Elderly Population of Rural Andhra Pradesh
Keywords:Quality of life, Retirement Home,WHO BREF, Katz index, Activity of daily living, Visakhapatnam
Background: Elderly were facing heavy burden of sequel of long-term physical illness, as a result the
ultimate effect was on quality of life.There is a need to highlight their medical and psychosocial problems
and bring up strategies for improvement in their quality of life.
Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted among 100 elderly people, aged 60
and above, residing in a retirement home, present in the field practice area of RHTC, Anandhapuram,
Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, from October 2019 to December 2019.Data was collected by
using thestandard WHO BREF questionnairefor quality of life assessment and Katz index of ADL score
for activity of daily living assessment.Majority of study population were females (53%) and majority was
in the age group of 60-69 years (65%). Social support and relationship domain and environmental domain
found with high mean quality of life scores (55.87+ 13.12 and 54.24 +10.12 respectively). 89% of the study
population was found with full functional activity and only 1% with severe impairment.
Conclusion: Economical independence, social security and support by the family, regular health checkups
and health seeking behaviour, legal security and special schemes for elderly will improve their quality of life
and helps them to live longer and happier.
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