Study on Association between Vitamin D and Essential Hypertension at a Tertiary Care Centre in Udaipur

Authors

  • Mahendra Khatri
  • S.N. Nagaonkar
  • Shweta Asthana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16051

Keywords:

Essential Hypertension, OPD (out Patient Department), vitamin D level, vitamin D receptor

Abstract

Introduction: Vitamin-D has very important role in calcium metabolism and optimum bone health.
Vitamin-D is derived from endogenous UVB (Ultraviolet-B) which induces vitamin D synthesis in the skin.
Currently very high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in India can be attributed to the lifestyle changes and
low sunlight exposure. Identification of the vitamin-D receptor (VDR) in almost every human cells, suggest
a role in extra skeletal diseases. Various studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk
factor for essential hypertension.
Aim: To evaluate the association between vitamin D and essential hypertension among people coming for
out patient department at a tertiary care centre of Udaipur.
Materials and Methods: Study was carried out as a cross sectional study at a tertiary care hospital of
Udaipur. Participants (259) were both males and females (134 males and 125 females), between the age
group of 20-60 years attending the OPD clinic of our tertiary care hospital.
Statistical Analysis: Appropriate Statistical test was done using latest version of SPSS.
Results: It is found that severe vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in people with hypertension as
compare to people without hypertension (P value <0.001).
Conclusion: Since India is a tropical country, it was assumed that vitamin D deficiency and its ill effects
are less common. But it is found that, vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in people with hypertension
at Udaipur, attributed to the need of early vitamin D supplementation. Therefore, to reduce cardio-vascular
events early identification of vitamin D deficiency and appropriate vitamin D supplement may be of very
important in population with high prevalence.

Author Biographies

Mahendra Khatri

Associate Professor, American International Institute of Medical
Sciences, Udaipur

S.N. Nagaonkar

Professor, Department of Community Medicine, American International Institute of Medical
Sciences, Udaipur

Shweta Asthana

Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, RNT Medical College, Udaipur

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Mahendra Khatri, S.N. Nagaonkar, & Shweta Asthana. (2021). Study on Association between Vitamin D and Essential Hypertension at a Tertiary Care Centre in Udaipur. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(3), 115-121. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16051