Role of Topical 5-Flurouracil Combined with Microneedling in Stable Vitiligo

Authors

  • Sagar
  • Sachin Agarwal
  • Akhil K.Singh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16066

Keywords:

5-fluorouracil, Microneedling, Pigmentation, Vitiligo

Abstract

Background: Vitiligo is a chronic acquired disorder characterized by the development of depigmented
macules which slowly enlarges with the concurrent appearance of new lesions.
Aim: The aim is to study the efficacy of treating vitiligo by microneedling followed by application of
5-fluorouracil on vitiligo patches.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in a tertiary hospital from March 2019 to August 2019.
For this study, we selected about 50 patients in the age group of 10–50 years who had been taking treatment
for vitiligo for 2–3 years without much improvement. We suggested them about needling with 5-fluorouracil
application over vitiligo patches. The procedure was performed at a gap of 2 weeks on vitiligo patches of
various patients for about 3 months.
Result: After about 1 month of this procedure, we noticed an improvement in about 40% of patients with
some erythema and hyperpigmentation developing on the margins of vitiligo patches. Gradually more than
50% of patients had similar improvement by the end of 2 months. After 3 months, about 60% of patients had
hyperpigmentation in the vitiligo lesions with almost complete pigmentation in very small patches; larger
ones had less pigmentation and 40% did not have any pigmentation from the previous state.
Conclusion: 5-fluorouracil is a simple and effective method for treating small vitiligo patches (< 5 cm
diameter generally) with no major side effects. It is a cost-effective procedure in treating a very resistant
disease, i.e., vitiligo, especially for small lesions.

Author Biographies

Sagar

Post Graduate,Department of Dermatology, Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences,
Hapur, U.P

Sachin Agarwal

Professor, Department of Dermatology, Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences,
Hapur, U.P

Akhil K.Singh

Professor, Department of Dermatology, Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences,
Hapur, U.P

Published

2021-05-17

How to Cite

Sagar, Sachin Agarwal, & Akhil K.Singh. (2021). Role of Topical 5-Flurouracil Combined with Microneedling in Stable Vitiligo. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(3), 199-201. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16066