Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercises on Selected Physiological Biochemical and Anthropometric Variables among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Dilla, Ethiopia

Authors

  • Soumitra Mondal
  • Muluken Gebeyehu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16071

Keywords:

Aerobic exercise, Resistance exercise, Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of aerobic, resistance combined aerobic and resistance
exercises on some specific physiological, biochemical, and anthropometric variables among type 2 diabetic
patients. The study participants were 24 adult group patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus selected among
the permanent follow up subjects of Dilla University Referral Hospital (DURH) clinic of diabetes care
center in Dilla, Ethiopia. The randomly assigned subjects were allocated to experiment group such as
aerobic exercise group (n= 6), resistance exercise group (n=6), combined aerobic and resistance exercise
group (n=6) and the control group (n=6).total. The training period was 16 weeks. The Physiological and
biochemical tests as well as anthropometric measurements were examined during pretest and posttest of the
study. To compare means and mean difference of pretest and posttest of each exercise group, pair sample
t test was used. To get a significant ANOVA by comparing the changes among groups, Tukey post hoc test
also used. After sixteen weeks of regular exercise training glycosylated hemoglobin level (HbA1c), Fasting
blood sugar level (FBS), blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), Heart rate (HR), and percentage of body
fat (BF %) were significantly improved in the groups of exercise intervention. This was combined aerobic
and resistance exercise alone followed by resistance exercise alone, and aerobic exercise alone. However
none were significant in the control group. Thus, our study concluded that combined aerobic and resistance
exercise alone has more beneficial than resistance exercise alone and aerobic exercise alone for the selected
physiological, biochemical and anthropometric variables for patients with type 2 diabetes.

Author Biographies

Soumitra Mondal

Professor,
Department of Sports Science, Mekelle University

Muluken Gebeyehu

PhD Research Scholar, 3Associate Professor, 4Asistant Professor,
Department of Sports Science, Mekelle University

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Soumitra Mondal, & Muluken Gebeyehu. (2021). Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercises on Selected Physiological Biochemical and Anthropometric Variables among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Dilla, Ethiopia. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(3), 229-237. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16071

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