A Study of Physical Activity Behaviour During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Authors

  • Sunita Sijwali1
  • Arunima Chauhan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16075

Keywords:

Physical activity, Physical health, COVID-19

Abstract

Background- The COVID-19 restrictions curtailed various physical activities whose effects are unfortunate
because daily exercise may help combat the disease by boosting our immune systems and counteracting some
of the co-morbidities that make us more susceptible to severe COVID-19 illness. Objectives- To study the
physical activity behaviour, levels and its relationship with personal variables during COVID 19 lockdown,
and to explore the differences between the inactive and active group respondents in terms of physical activity
preferences, motivating and restricting factors. Materials and Methods- Cross sectional descriptive online
survey (google forms) design was used and snowball sampling method was used to reach the respondents.
Questionnaire consisted of four parts; 1) Demographics, 2) Occupation, Screen and Sleep behaviour, 3)
Physical Activity behaviour, 4) Preferred physical activities, restricting and motivating factors to do any
physical activity. To study the TPA OPA, MV-LTPA and HHPA were considered. Results and DiscussionA total of 400 respondents (male 56.2, female 43.2%)) were eligible for the analysis, majority (93.6%) of
them were young adults (18-38) involved in sedentary to light occupation (95.3%).Sedentary behavior in
occupation was doubled (80%) as compared to pre COVID situation (42.5%). Majority of the respondents
reported an increase in screen and sleep time. On calculating TPA ~33% of the respondents were found in
each group; inactive, active and very active. Majority of them were performing pa for <150m/w in each
domain i.e. OPA, MV-LTPA and HHPA. Significant difference was found between male and female, of all
the three domains, in their physical activity group whereas no significant difference was found in their TPA
group. Significant association was found between physical activity groups in terms of considering physical
activity benefits, change in post COVID physical activity, and their self reported type of physical activity.
Significant association was found between male and female respondents in terms of their BMI and perceived
Body weight whereas no association was found between physical activity groups in terms of their BMI and
body weight perception. Family/friends and health benefits were the most motivating factors for the majority
of respondents whereas social distancing norms and lack of motivation were reported as restricting factors in
doing physical activity. Conclusion- It can be concluded that physical activity among people was low even
before the COVID-19 pandemic, this pandemic acted as a catalyst in promoting sedentary behavior

Author Biographies

Sunita Sijwali1

Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Adult and Continuing Education and Extension, Jamia Millia Islamia,
New Delhi

Arunima Chauhan


Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Adult and Continuing Education and Extension, Jamia Millia Islamia,
New Delhi

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Sunita Sijwali1, & Arunima Chauhan. (2021). A Study of Physical Activity Behaviour During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(3), 257-269. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16075