Cost Benefit Analysis of Implementation Occupational Health and Safety: Literature Review
Keywords:Cost Benefit Analysis, Occupational Health and Safety, Risk management, economic evaluation
Assessment of management commitments is required for investment in Occupational health and safety
program. This systemic literature review evaluates 15 cases of Occupational health and safety (OHS)
interventions to assess whether the implementation of OHS is beneficial. Search engines used in literature
review are Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Pubmed. Studies related to benefit cost
analysis included in the search include also looking at company productivity. The focus of this analysis
includes samples, design, theoretical framework, implementation OHS, validity and results.Results show,in
15 cases, cross-sectional research design looked at pre-after comparisons in the absence of control groups.
The positive return on investment from the implementation of OHS is shown in 13 studies. Two other studies
concluded that their chosen implementation of OHSwas not cost-effective. The main benefit is to reduce sick
leave. In 3 cases the perceived benefit is an increase in productivity and quality. The conclusions in this study
required a guideline for the evaluation of the implementation of OHS.
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