Pregnancy Induced Hypertension among Pregnant Women in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

Authors

  • Md. Mahedi Hasan
  • Mahbubur Rahman
  • Nahian Rahman
  • Sabrina Rahman
  • Faroque Md Mohsin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16091

Keywords:

Primipara, ecclampsia, asphyxiated infants, hypertension, blood pressure, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Abstract

This cross-sectional study has been conducted in the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
Gynaecology and Obstetrics Division on 72 patients who have been admitted from December 2018 to
March 2019, in order to find out the percentage of pregnancy-induced high blood pressure among pregnant
mothers. Of the 72 patients, 25(34.7%) have been diagnosed with pre-eclamptictoxaemia 27(37.1%) induced
pregnancy and 20(27.8%) with eclampsia. Most people were 21-25 years old and their average age was 25.3
years old. Of the 72 patients, 38 were primipara (52.8 percent). 20 (27.8%) of newborns were delivered before
37 weeks, while 52 (72,2%) were delivered before 37 weeks. A cesarean section was available in 37 of all
patients (51 percent). The cesarean portion in PIH & PET was higher. Of the 72 newborn patients 16(22.2%)
were low in birth weight, and patients with ecclampsy were more likely to experience low birth weight. 35 of
72 patients had poor fetal results, including 1.4 percent perinatal and 33.3 percent asphyxiated infants. Only
5 (6.5 percent) had complications in maternal outcomes such as strokes, renal eclampsia. All participants
in this study are women who are pregnant and receive prenatal care. WHO normally recommends patients
with an antecedent of antenatal treatment less than 4 times eclampsia. In patients with eclampsia it is more
common to see low birth weight, pre-term delivery and the complication for prenatal mortality

Author Biographies

Md. Mahedi Hasan

BSc (Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, Dhaka University, Bangladesh), MPH (Northern University),

Mahbubur Rahman

MSc, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Nahian Rahman

MSc, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Sabrina Rahman

BSc (Institute of Nutrition and
Food Science, Dhaka University), MPH (North South University),

Faroque Md Mohsin

Medical Officer, Directorate General of Health
Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Md. Mahedi Hasan, Mahbubur Rahman, Nahian Rahman, Sabrina Rahman, & Faroque Md Mohsin. (2021). Pregnancy Induced Hypertension among Pregnant Women in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(3), 396-404. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16091