Chronic Complication Profiles of T2DM in Endocrine Outpatient Clinic, Dr Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya
Keywords:Macroangiopathy and microangiopathy, common diabetic complication’s profile, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Background: Nowdays, the number of diabetic complications is still increasing each year. There
are some factors that affect the early appearance of diabetic complications. By knowing these
factors, doctors and patients will pay attention and prevent the early appearance. Therefore, diabetic
patients will reduce the risk of death. Objectives: The study aimed todeterminethemost frequently
occuringprofileofdiabeticmacroangiopathyandmicroangiopathy in peoplewithtype 2 diabetes mellitus.
Method: Descriptive qualitativewith a cross-sectionaldesign. Results: Patients who are most commonly
diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellituswithdiabeticcomplicationsare in theagegroup 46 – 55 year (32%),
male (50.6%), highschool educated (59.9%), privateemployees (36.6%), averageof HbA1c level is
8.68%, controlled HbA1c (54.5%),and durationoftype 2 diabetes mellituswithno data on duration
(56.9%). The showncomplications are singlemicroangiopathy (30.6%), singlemacroangiopathy
(22%), microangiopathyandmacroangiopathycombination (9.4%), multiplemicroangiopathies (2.7%)
andmultiplemacroangiopathies (2.7%). The microangiopathycomplications are retinopathy (22.6%),
nephropathy (22.1%), andneuropathicdiabetic (10.3%) whilethe mostmacroangiopathycomplications are
coronaryheartdisease (19.2%), peripheralcirculatorycomplication (14.8%), andstroke (11%).
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