The Effectiveness of Nutrition Education and Egg and Milk Supplementation during Pregnancy in Cirebon Regency Indonesia

Authors

  • Rania Permata Rifayanto
  • Ali Khomsan
  • Tiurma Sinaga
  • Mira Dewi
  • Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16112

Abstract

Background: Chronic energy malnutrition and anemia are nutritional problems in pregnant women that
often occur in developing countries. Nutritional intervention in pregnant women is needed to prevent any
nutritional problems in both the mother and the fetus. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of
nutrition education along with egg and milk supplementation on the knowledge and nutritional attitudes and
nutritional status of a pregnant women.
Methods: The study design was pre-experimental with one group pretest posttest. Subjects were 45 pregnant
women in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Nutritional interventions were given in the form of nutrition education
along with egg and milk supplementation for pregnant women (90 days). The data collected consisted of
pregnancy history, food consumption, household food security, nutritional knowledge and attitudes, midupper arm circumference, and hemoglobin levels. Data were analyzed using the paired t-test and Wilcoxon
tests.
Conclusions: Nutrition education intervention had an effect on increasing nutritional knowledge of pregnant
women, and supplementation of egg and milk for three months increased the mid-uppper arm circumference.
Nutritional intervention is needed as an effort to prevent chronic energy malnutrition in pregnant women.

Author Biographies

Rania Permata Rifayanto

Graduate Student of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia,

Ali Khomsan

Lecturer,
Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Tiurma Sinaga

Lecturer,
Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Mira Dewi

Lecturer,
Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani

Lecturer,
Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Rania Permata Rifayanto, Ali Khomsan, Tiurma Sinaga, Mira Dewi, & Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani. (2021). The Effectiveness of Nutrition Education and Egg and Milk Supplementation during Pregnancy in Cirebon Regency Indonesia. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(3), 471-477. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16112

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