The Effectiveness of Telemedicine as a Supplementary Antenatal Care in Increasing Knowledge of Pregnant Women
Keywords:Antenatal care (ANC), mother’sknowledge, mHealth,telemedicine
Background: Limited access to health services can occur because an area is difficult to reach, lack of health
personnel and facilities, and due to social changes such as during a pandemic. This systematic review aims
to study the effectiveness of telemedicine as an antenatal care supplement in increasing the knowledge of
Methods: Perform a search for PubMed, ProQuest, and Scopus data sources with population-based keywords,
intervention, comparison, and predefined results. The assessment of article quality used the Joanna Briggs
Institute (JBI) critical assessment tool.
Results: Four studies were synthesized in this systematic review, 2 were experimental studies and the other
2 were descriptive studies. The intervention that was given was the use of telemedicine as a tool to deliver
health education or a tool to monitor the physical condition of the mother from a distance. The message
given can be in the form of a written message, voice message, or video. Interactive communication between
mothers and health care providers can be done with this technology.
Conclusion: The application of telemedicine as an effort to increase the knowledge of pregnant women
in settings with difficult access to health facilities and pandemic conditions is quite developing, but still
requires further study regarding pregnancy outcomes. Further research is needed on the use of telemedicine
concerning health costs and costs incurred by both parties. In Indonesia, there are still opportunities to
develop telemedicine conceptually and the technology that will be used.
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