The Correlation between Pandemic Covid-19 Stress Level and Frequency of Relapse in Coronary Heart Disease Patients

Authors

  • Nining Fitrianingsih
  • Chuchum Sumiarty

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16127

Keywords:

Nining Fitrianingsih

Abstract

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome of coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as the cause of coronavirus
disease (COVID-19) has caused global pandemic around the world. Patients who have coronary heart disease
have been identified as highly vulnerable with increased morbidity and mortality while suffering from
COVID-19. In addition, patients with coronary heart disease are also suffering with clinically significant
stress. Stress can cause the body to release hormones that will make heart to beat faster.
Aim: This study aims to determine the relationship between the stress level of COVID-19 pandemic and
frequency of relapse in patients with coronary heart disease.
Methodology: The design of this study was cross-sectional which involved accidental sampling technique
with descriptive analytic method, using Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) instrument as independent variable
and one-question questionnaire as dependent variable. The study was conducted at Indonesian Red Cross
Hospital in Bogor City with a total sample of 33 coronary heart disease patients. The data analysis techniques
used were univariate and bivariate with Kendall’s Tau statistical test.
Result: Out of 33 participants, 28 (84.8.8%) had moderate COVID-19 pandemic stress levels and 17 (51.5%)
experienced moderate relapse frequency.
Conclusion: There was a relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic stress level and the frequency of
relapse in coronary heart disease patients.

Author Biographies

Nining Fitrianingsih

Lecturer at Wijaya Husada Health Institute

Chuchum Sumiarty

Lecturer at Wijaya Husada Health Institute

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Nining Fitrianingsih, & Chuchum Sumiarty. (2021). The Correlation between Pandemic Covid-19 Stress Level and Frequency of Relapse in Coronary Heart Disease Patients. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(3), 571-576. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i3.16127