Immunisation Status of Under Five Children in a Tribal Colony of Northern Kerala

Authors

  • Arun T Mithrason
  • Arya Vikas
  • Ann Mary Thomas
  • Madhusudan M

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i4.16507

Keywords:

Immunization, under five children, Paniyan tribe, Wayanad, Kerala

Abstract

Background: One of the most cost effective and easy methods for the healthy wellbeing of a child is
immunization. Paniyans is one of the major tribes of Wayanad and are the largest single tribal community.
The sociocultural, political, and topographical uniqueness of the tribal groups in Kerala, their needs of health
care, attitudes, and health-care-seeking behaviors differ from the nontribal population and thus, challenge
the present service-delivery system that has largely been based on the needs and priorities formulated for
the nontribal population.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study done between November 2018 to January 2019 at Jai Hind
colony, Wayanad district among Paniyan tribes. All the under 5 children in the colony were the study subjects.
The parents were approached individually in their houses and data was collected using a predesigned and
pretested investigator-administered questionnaire. Responses were obtained from a total 21 parents of the
subjects.
Results: The maximum coverage was for BCG (100%), followed by OPV0 and hepatitis B 0 doses (95.23%
for both) and the least was MR 2 and DPT 1 doses (52.94% for both). Majority of the children (52.38%) were
partially immunized and there were no children (0%) who were non immunized. The most common reason
for partial immunization was unawareness regarding the need for immunization (54.54%).
Conclusions: The proportion of fully immunized children was significantly lower in the study. The maximum
coverage was for BCG and the least was MR2 and DPT1 doses. The most common reasons for partial/no
immunization in the current study was lack of awareness regarding the need for immunization

Author Biographies

Arun T Mithrason

Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad District, Kerala

Arya Vikas

MBBS Intern, Department of Community Medicine, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad District, Kerala

Ann Mary Thomas

MBBS Intern, Department of Community Medicine, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad District, Kerala

Madhusudan M

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad District, Kerala

Published

2021-07-19

How to Cite

Mithrason, A. T., Vikas, A. ., Thomas, A. M., & Madhusudan M. (2021). Immunisation Status of Under Five Children in a Tribal Colony of Northern Kerala. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(4), 23-27. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i4.16507