Silent Epidemic of Non-communicable diseases- Trend of Diabetes, Coronary Artery Disease, Cerebrovascular Accident, Thyroid and Hypertension at a Tertiary Care Center in India

Authors

  • Dhaval Dalal
  • Vaishali Choudhari
  • Veda Devakumar
  • Namrata Britto
  • Vijaykumar Gawali

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i4.16518

Keywords:

Diabetes, Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Cerebrovascular accident, Thyroid, Noncommunicable.

Abstract

Introduction- In a developing country like India, non-communicable diseases are on a rise. Diabetes (DM),
Coronary artery disease (CAD), Cerebrovascular accident (CVA), thyroid disorders and hypertension (HTN)
are the leading communicable diseases and have become a common occurrence. In this study we aim to
study the prevalence of these diseases over the span of five years as well as their association with each other.
Material Methods- In this retrospective study we aim to study trends of non-communicable diseases,
in a cohort of 48,966 in-patients for 5 years from 2016-2020. Co-prevalence and association of these
comorbidities with each other were also studied.
Result- Non-communicable diseases had an increasing trend from 2016-2020. Association of diabetes
and hypertension (Chi-square 12268.54 , P<0.0001), diabetes and CVA (Chi-square 864.99, P<0.0001),
diabetes and CAD (Chi-square 4999.73, P<0.0001) diabetes and thyroid (chi-square 583.60, P<0.0001),
hypertension and CAD (Chi-square 8013.82, P<0.0001), hypertension and CVA (Chi-square 2135.881,
P<0.0001), hypertension and thyroid (Chi-square 1097.278, P<0.0001), thyroid and CVA (Chi-square
18.81, P<0.0001), thyroid and CAD (Chi-square 1233.501, P<0.0001), CAD and CVA (Chi-square 704.662,
P<0.0001) was found to be very highly significant statistically .
Conclusion- The increase in non-communicable diseases is imminent in developing countries like India
and it emphasises the importance of timely clinical investigations and interventions. The increasing trend of
non-communicable diseases in India may be attributed to sociological changes towards a more westernised
lifestyle.

Author Biographies

Dhaval Dalal

Professor, Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Consultant Internal Medicine, Bhaktivedanta
Hospital and Research Institute

Vaishali Choudhari

Professor, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Bhaktivedanta Hospital and Research Institute

Veda Devakumar

Research Scholar, MSc. Biochemistry, Department of Medical Research, Bhaktivedanta Hospital and Research Institute, Bhaktivedanta Swami Marg, sector 6,Srishti complex, Mira Road, Thane: 401107, Maharashtra, India,

Namrata Britto

Research Scholar, MSc. Biological Sciences,Department of Biological Sciences, Sunandan Divatia School of Science, NMIMS, deemed to be University, Thane,Maharashtra, India

Vijaykumar Gawali

Researcher, Head of Medical Research Department and Academics, Bhaktivedanta Hospital and Research Institute, Bhaktivedanta Swami Marg, Thane, Maharashtra, India

Published

2021-07-19

How to Cite

Dalal, D. ., Choudhari, V. ., Devakumar, V. ., Britto, N. ., & Gawali, V. . (2021). Silent Epidemic of Non-communicable diseases- Trend of Diabetes, Coronary Artery Disease, Cerebrovascular Accident, Thyroid and Hypertension at a Tertiary Care Center in India. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(4), 57-65. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i4.16518