Public Expenditure on Healthcare in India and Tamil Nadu: Five-Year Plans
Keywords:Public Expenditure, Health and Family Welfare, Public Expenditure on Health.
Background: Health is both an input and an outcome of broader social and economic development. It is also
well known that achievements in health do not simply depend on the health sector, other than arise out of
improvements in education, standard of living, social stability, housing, water supply, sanitation and other
environmental factors. These are amenable to change by actions taken by households, communities and
governments and are typically outside the domain of the health system.
Objective: The present paper attempts to estimate the extent of public health expenditure in India and Tamil
Nadu over the period under review with reference to five-year plans.
Methodology: The particulars regarding the total plan investment outlay, health and family welfare
expenditures in India and Tamil Nadu have been collected from the published source which is presented
beneath the respective table. To carry out the research, straightforward tabular statements were prepared for
working out the percentage and average value.
Conclusion: From the analysis, it’s evident that the total expenditure on health and family welfare of the
central and state government shows a steady increase over the plan periods. It’s clear from that the plan
outlay on both the health and family welfare has increased from first plan (1951-56) to twelfth plan (2012-
17) in absolute terms. However it has been always low sharing to the total plan investment outlay of the
country. In Tamil Nadu, almost in all the plan periods, the approved outlay was less than incurred actual
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