Study of the Epidemiological factors of Tubercular meningitis among children attending R.T.H.C Kanti and Pediatrics Department of S.K.M.C.H., Muzaffarpur
Keywords:Tubercular meningitis in Children, Corticosteroid, Diabetes
Background:Childhood tuberculosis is a major public health problem in developing countries with
tubercular meningitis being a serious complication with high mortality and morbidity. India has one of the
highest burdens of tuberculosis (TB) globally, accounting for around 20% of all new TB cases annually.
Aims and Objectives:To investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of tubercular meningitis
in children aged 0–14 years at R.T.H.C Kanti and Pediatrics Department of S.K.M.C.H, Muzaffarpur, Bihar.
Methodology: This was a case control study in the Pediatric patients with Meningitis and diagnosed as the
TB meningitis by CSF examination at R.T.H.C Kanti and Pediatrics Department of S.K.M.C.H, Muzaffarpur,
Bihar during the one year period i.e., from June 2019 to June 2020. There were total 80 patients were
included into the study.
Results: The majority of the Patients were in the age group of 0-2 i.e., 28.75%, 2-5 were 33.75 %, 5-8
were 18.75 %, 8-12 were 11.25%, and 12-14 were 7.5 % respectively. Majority of the patients were Male
i.e. 58.75% and 41.25% were Female. The most common associated risk factors were Low SES in 85.5%,
Malnutrition in 60.5%, Un-immunized patients were 35.5%, H/o Corticosteroid use were in 25.5%, Diabetes
in 20.5%, Rural /Slum dwelling in 15.5% and H/o Migration were 13% respectively.
Conclusion: It can be concluded from our present analysis that the majority of the Patients were in the
age group of 2-5 i.e., 33.75%. The most common associated factors were Low SES, Malnutrition, Unimmunized
patients, H/o Corticosteroid use, Diabetes, Rural /Slum dwelling and H/o Migration.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.