A Community based Cross-Sectional Study of the Morbidity Status of Geriatric Population in an Urban Slum

Authors

  • Daljeet Kaur
  • Janardhan Bandi
  • Latika Nath Sinha
  • Aman Deep

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17333

Keywords:

Geriatric, Morbidity, Prevalence, Urban slum

Abstract

Introduction: Aging is a physiological phenomenon which nobody can escape. Population around
the world is growing old at high rate with increasing life expectancy. The challenge ahead for health
care in coming years is to ensure the quality of life to a large group of geriatric population. Aims: To
study the socio-demographic factors of the geriatric population, to assess the morbidity status among
geriatric population and to determine the association of socio-demographic factors with the health
status of geriatric age group. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among persons with
age 60 years and above in an urban slum of Mumbai from June 2017 to June 2018.Sample size was
calculated based on the prevalence rate of general morbidity of geriatric population which is 52%.
Sample size of 370 obtained. Result: Most of the study population had present illness (88.4%). Joint
pain (62.93%), ocular problems (61.9%), anemia (50.3%), were the most common type of morbidity
amongst study population followed by urinary, diarrhoea was (11.6% each) constipation, Breathlessness
(11.4% each) and cough (10%). There was statistically significant difference between Joint Pain and
gender (p =0.000), Ocular Manifestations (p= 0.000), Anemia and gender (p= 0.000). Hypertension
was present in (50.3%) amongst study population. Knee was (31.6%) the most common site of joint
pain amongst study population followed by hip pain (19.7 %) and ankle pain (11.6%). Conclusion:
This study provides a baseline to help local authorities for understanding morbidity patterns of geriatric
population.

Author Biographies

Daljeet Kaur

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Pali, Rajasthan

Janardhan Bandi

Associate Professor(Addl), Department of Community Medicine, Topiwala National Medical College
& B.Y.L. Nair CH. Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai

Latika Nath Sinha

Assistant Professor

Aman Deep


Statistician cum Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Pali, Rajasthan

Downloads

Published

2021-10-20

How to Cite

Daljeet Kaur, Janardhan Bandi, Latika Nath Sinha, & Aman Deep. (2021). A Community based Cross-Sectional Study of the Morbidity Status of Geriatric Population in an Urban Slum. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(1), 107–116. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17333