Dietary Habits, Food Consumption, Energy and Nutrients Intake of Adults of Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Authors

  • Md. Nahian Rahman
  • Syeda Saima Alam
  • Faroque Md Mohsin
  • Md.Mahedi Hasan
  • Khaleda Islam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17345

Keywords:

Dietary Habits, Food Consumption, Energy and Nutrients Intake

Abstract

Purpose: Food consumption, energy and nutrients intake are the major concern now a days because
they determine the nutritional well-being of a population. Hence, this study provide a clear picture of
food consumption, energy and nutrients intake of adults of selected area of Bangladesh.
Design/methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 400 respondents from selected
areas of Bangladesh.
Findings: The mean age of participants was 43.43±19.82 years. 58.75% of study participants were
male where 41.25% were female. On an average, respondents consume rice (7±0) days/week. They
consume other vegetables (6.95±0.27) days/week, fish (4.88±1.79) days/week, meat (0.83±1.07) days/
week, leafy vegetable (2.57±1.81) days/week, pulses (1.98±1.78) days/week, milk and milk Product
(1.8±2.75) days/week, sweet (1.66±1.92) days/week and oils (7±0) days/week. . About 57.5% of the
respondents take more than 65% of total energy from carbohydrate, 37.5% of the respondents take less
than 10% of total energy from protein sources and 24.75% of the respondents take less than 15% of
total energy from fat.
54.75% of the respondents have “Highly Acceptable FCS”, 23.25% of the respondents have “Low
Acceptable FCS”, 19.25% of the respondents have “Borderline FCS” and only 2.75% of the respondents
have “Poor FCS”. The per capita mean energy intake of Bangladeshi population was 2632kcal/
day for male and 2249 kcal/day for female. Mean protein, carbohydrate, fat and fiber intake of the
respondents were 56.7g/day,407g/day,30.9g/day and 34.7g/day respectively. Moreover, around 27% of
the respondents are consuming less than 1805Kcal (* Hard Core Poor), 24.25% of the respondents are
consuming 1805-2121 Kcal (**Absolute poor), 22% are consuming 2122-2600 Kcal and 26.75% of the
respondents are consuming more than 2601Kcal.
Conclusion: Though the consumption of fruits, vegetables, meat, fish and milk product were increasing
in the recent decades, this study results suggest the necessity of formulating policy and intervention
strategies concentrating on the consumption of these food items in all levels in Bangladesh

Author Biographies

Md. Nahian Rahman

MSc, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh,

Syeda Saima Alam

Lecturer, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

Faroque Md Mohsin

Medical Officer, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Md.Mahedi Hasan

BSc (Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, Dhaka University, Bangladesh), MPH (Northern University)

Khaleda Islam

Professor, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Downloads

Published

2021-10-20

How to Cite

Md. Nahian Rahman, Syeda Saima Alam, Faroque Md Mohsin, Md.Mahedi Hasan, & Khaleda Islam. (2021). Dietary Habits, Food Consumption, Energy and Nutrients Intake of Adults of Selected Areas of Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(1), 188–197. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17345