Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Authors

  • Priyanka Jaiswal
  • Kalpana Verma
  • Sukla Debbarma

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17363

Keywords:

Menstrual disorders, Thyroid dysfunction, Subclinical hypothyroidism, Thyroid autoimmunity

Abstract

Objective: To study the prevalence of thyroid disorders and its correlation with menstrual disorders.
Methods: 100 women aged between 15 and 45 years who attended gyne OPD in Sraswathi medical
college, U.P, were included for this cross-sectional study. The study group comprised 50 patients
presented with menstrual complaints. The control group consisted of 50 women of same age group
with complaints other than menstrual disorders. Thyroid function tests, anti-TPO antibody estimation,
and endometrial sampling were done in all patients.
Results: In patients with menstrual disorders, 44 % had thyroid disorders in which subclinical
hypothyroidism was prevalent in 20 %, overt hypothyroidism in 14 %, and overt hyperthyroidism in 8 %
of the women. Autoimmune thyroid antibodies were present in 30 % patients of women with menstrual
disorders. On endometrial sampling, hypothyroid patients mainly had proliferative endometrium
(42.85 %) whereas hyperthyroid had atrophic endometrium (60 %).
Conclusions: Thyroid dysfunction is an important causative etiology of menstrual abnormalities.
Assessment of thyroid function should be done in all patients with menstrual disorders to avoid
unnecessary interventions like curettage and hysterectomy.

Author Biographies

Priyanka Jaiswal

Post Graduate 2nd Year epartment of Obstretics and Gyanecology Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences Hapur (U.P) 

Kalpana Verma

Professor Department of Obstretics and Gyanecology Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences Hapur (U.P)

Sukla Debbarma

Assistant Professor, Department of Obstretics and Gyanecology Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences Hapur (U.P)

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Published

2021-10-20

How to Cite

Priyanka Jaiswal, Kalpana Verma, & Sukla Debbarma. (2021). Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(1), 271–275. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17363