Validation of Early Childhood Dental Anxiety Impact Scale among 3-5 Year Old Preschool Children in Chennai City

Authors

  • R. Hemalatha
  • S. Nirmala
  • Viswaja
  • Gopi Chander

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17365

Keywords:

Early childhood dental anxiety impact scale

Abstract

Background: The early childhood dental anxiety impact scale (EC-DAIS) has been developed for
assessing dental anxiety related quality of life ( DAR-QoL ) in pre-school children, which is then
validated in the English language to confirm with their geographic locations.
Aim: The present study was undertaken to assess the validity of the English version among 3-5 year old
pre-school children of Chennai city.
Methodology: The English version of EC-DAIS was developed. It was tested for validity and reliability
among 469 parents and children after obtaining informed consent and assent.
Statistical Analysis : Construct validity was assessed by correlating EC-DAIS with FBRS-Frankl’s
Behavior Rating Scale. Internal consistency or reliability was determined by Cronbach’s alpha. Testretest reliability by ICC assessment was done and outcomes were measured.
Results: Construct validity was r=0.298.Reliability using Cronbach’s alpha was 0.873. Test-retest
reliability by Intra Class Correlation assessment was 0.91.
Conclusion: The English version of EC-DAIS is a valid instrument for assessing Dental Anxiety
Related-Quality of Life (DAR-QoL) in pre-school children.

Author Biographies

R. Hemalatha

Research Scholar, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry SRM Dental College

S. Nirmala

Professor & Head, Department of Biochemistry, SRM Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai

Viswaja

Professor & Head, Department of Pathology, SRM Dental College Ramapuram, Chennai

Gopi Chander

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Ramapuram, Chennai 

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Published

2021-10-20

How to Cite

R. Hemalatha, S. Nirmala, Viswaja, & Gopi Chander. (2021). Validation of Early Childhood Dental Anxiety Impact Scale among 3-5 Year Old Preschool Children in Chennai City. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(1), 282–289. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17365