Psychosocial Workplace Factors and Health Problems among Indian Migrants in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries
Keywords:GCC countries, Health problems, Migrants, Psychosocial, workplace
Background: There are not extensive studies about psychosocial occurrence of work related health
problems in the Indian migrants in GCC countries. The present study was intended to determine the
work related psychosocial health problems and its consequences among the workers.
Methodology: This was cross sectional study and conducted in Warangal district, India. It involves
male migrants of low and semi-skilled from six countries of the GCC. The questionnaire adopted from
previous literature and consists of elements related to characteristics of demographic, psychosocial
workplace factors including health related. The questionnaire was interviewed and was adopted in
English. Data was analyzed using SPSS statistics.
Results: In total 410 migrants were included and 70.5% of them are married. Greater number of the
respondent’s migrants were construction laborers (25.4%). Reported high prevalence of physical strain
(58%), lengthy standing (97.8%), lengthy sitting (65.6%), lifting and carrying (65%). Interestingly
reported, 70% of them work in the same physical position for a lengthy period of time. Half of the
migrant workers required a lot of thinking at their work and reported (75%) their work is too difficult.
The study found 81% of migrants having good prospects with their employer. However, 72% reported
their private life is suffering due to irregular working hours such as shifts or overtime and 66% do not
have fixed working hours. Mechanical vibrations (68%) and raising voice (44%) affect their health.
Almost all migrants suffering from dry and damp air including dust and accidents which are the highest
factor at the workplace reported. Diseases reported are diabetes, cardiovascular, hypertension and
metabolic arthritis suffering among workers.
Conclusions: The study emphasizes implementing various strategies or policies related to the workplace
intended to improve work environment characteristics including psychosocial work factors to avoid
work related health problems.
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