Challenges in Contact Tracing and Sampling in Three Districts of Western Rajasthan during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Authors

  • Sinha LN
  • Bodat S
  • Kaur D
  • Deep A
  • Mathur A
  • Mathur N

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17374

Keywords:

Contact tracing, challenges, inter sectoral co-ordination

Abstract

ntroduction : Contact tracing commenced in districts of Western Rajasthan in March 2020 to control
the spread of Covid -19.It was an ongoing process involving isolation and sampling of contacts. Multi
department Quick and Rapid response teams (Q/RRT) worked continuously as the pandemic passed
through different stages. The objectives of the study was to compare the challenges faced during contact
tracing and document good practices in place.
Methods: A cross –sectional study was done among contact tracers using a semi structured questionnaire
in Google forms in three districts of Pali, Jodhpur and Barmer. Keeping power of study at 80%, 5%
error and 95% confidence interval, assuming 50% prevalence of effective contact tracing and 10 % nonresponse total 400 , i.e 133 participants from each district.
Results: Major challenges faced by tracers were resistance to contact sampling (64%)lack of training
(49%), and random sampling workload (47%). Overall 36% of contacts had downloaded the Aarogya
setu app but among them only 68% were using the app. Trainings , workload distribution and intersectoral coordination was best in Jodhpur, Barmer and Pali respectively .
Conclusions: Trainings helped in better field management of resistance to sampling among contacts.
Excessive workload of lab technicians lead to errors in reporting. Transport for sampling of contacts
was a challenge in remote areas. The Aarogya setu app was not used by all contacts. Regular feedback
meetings by local administration helped in effective contact tracing

Author Biographies

Sinha LN

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Pali. Rajasthan

Bodat S

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Pali. Rajasthan,

Kaur D

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Pali. Rajasthan

Deep A

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Barmer, Rajasthan,

Mathur A

Epidemiologist, Chief Medical and Health Office, Pali India

Mathur N

Nodal officer (Survey and Containment for COVID19), Chief Medical and Health Officer Jodhpur

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Published

2021-10-20

How to Cite

Sinha LN, Bodat S, Kaur D, Deep A, Mathur A, & Mathur N. (2021). Challenges in Contact Tracing and Sampling in Three Districts of Western Rajasthan during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(1), 354–363. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17374