KAP Study Towardsinfection Prevention & Control among Staff of Small Hospitals in Churu District of Rajasthan, India
Keywords:Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Infection, Prevention, Hospital, Healthcare, Staff
Background: Healthcare workers routinely interact with blood-borne microbes and different
microorganisms and are at a risk of getting infection. These interactions may happen during surgeries,
during clinical and nursing administrations, basic assessment or while taking care of hospital facility.
Knowledge, Attitude & Practice (KAP) regarding infection prevention and control (IPC) may include
hand hygiene, use of PPE, gloves, masks, face shields, use of sanitizers, bio-medical waste management
for safe work environment in hospitals. With this backdrop a KAP study was conducted in small
hospitals, having bed strength up to 50 beds, in Churu District of Rajasthan.
Methods: The study design is descriptive and cross-sectional and was conducted in 6 small hospitals
(less than 50 beds) of Churu District. The study tool included scheduled Interview and questionnaire
and was conducted in Feb. to June 2020. The sample size included 75 Healthcare Workers (doctors,
nurses, and staff of hospitals). The sampling technique was multistage sampling.The percentage of
correct answers were recorded. A score of less than 50% was considered poor, 50% to 70% as fair while
70% and above was considered good.
Conclusion:The information on the staff was discovered to be among reasonable and good i.e., in
the range of 65-75%. The act of discarding waste material was less and was observed as 67%. It was
seen that 87% of staff were hepatitis B inoculated.Regular training regarding infection prevention can
increase the knowledge and standardised measure may be followed by healthcare workers and staff
present in the hospitals
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