Study to Evaluate the Risk Factors of Overweight and Obesity among Higher Secondary School Children in Muzaffarpur, Bihar

Authors

  • Vijay Kumar Yadawa
  • Kumari Sushma Saroj
  • Ravindra Prasad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17385

Keywords:

Obesity, Body mass index (BMI), overweight, physical measurements

Abstract

ackground: Overweight and obesity are risk factors for diet-related non-communicable diseases.
These diseases are the fifth leading risks for global deaths. Virtually, all age groups are affected bythe
consequences of overweight and obesity.
Aims and Objectives: This study was undertakento evaluate risk factors of overweight and obesity
among higher secondary school adolescents.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 492 school adolescents of the government
sector six higher secondary schools in Muzaffarpur. This study measured height, weight and plotted
Body mass Index on CDC (Child Development Centre) charts. Factors affecting obesity like physical
and sedentary activities (using Bharathy et al. questionnaire) and school-based risk factors were also
studied.
Results: Based of measurements taken risk factors for overweight and obesity in 492 higher secondary
school students, the estimated provincial prevalence of overweight was found to be 9.7%, obesity 3%,
and malnutrition 18% respectively. Students involved in household chores for 4 hours or more a week
were associated with a decreased risk of overweight (OR 3.97, 95% CI 1.41-11.03) and those with less
activity were at increased risk for obesity (OR 6.59, 95% CI 1.83-21.19).
Conclusion: The problems of overweight and obesity are taking place while students are still at the risk
of underweight. Several factors were correlated with overweight and obesity. Therefore, interventions
targeting gender, frequency of eating food out of home, vigorous activities, and frequency of doing the
vigorous physical activity are recommended.

Author Biographies

Vijay Kumar Yadawa

Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Krishna Medical College, Muzaffarpur, Bihar India

Kumari Sushma Saroj


Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology, Dr. L.K.V.D. College, Tajpur, Samastipur, Bihar

Ravindra Prasad

Associate Professor & HoD, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Krishna Medical College, Muzaffarpur, Bihar

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Published

2021-10-20

How to Cite

Vijay Kumar Yadawa, Kumari Sushma Saroj, & Ravindra Prasad. (2021). Study to Evaluate the Risk Factors of Overweight and Obesity among Higher Secondary School Children in Muzaffarpur, Bihar. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(1), 412–417. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i1.17385