Effect of Maternal Body Composition and Hemoglobin Percentage at Term Gestation on Labour and Neonatal Outcome

Authors

  • Bushra Fatima
  • B Sandhya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i3.18170

Keywords:

APGAR, BMI, Nutrition, Ponderal

Abstract

Background: The Pre-pregnancy body weight and the haemoglobin percentage are two important parameters which
determine and influence the maternal and fetal outcome. The fetal weight gain during pregnancy is about 9-12 kgs in
Indian conditions. The maternal body composition is dependent on many factors like genetic, constitutional, racial,
socioeconomic and nutritional factors
Objectives: To study the effects of maternal body composition and haemoglobin percentage at term gestation on labour
and neonatal outcome
Methods: A total of 150 patients were taken into study. Gestational age was calculated from LMP and by early Ultra-sound
Examination. Patient’s haemoglobin was measured by spectrophotometric method. The following set of measurements
were taken by single examiner. Maternal nutritional anthropometric measurements were taken, two to three days before
EDD or after completion of 38 weeks by USG.
Results: Around 49% of the mothers belonged to the group 3 and a significant(35.32%) no. of mothers had HB% levels of
<9. This indicates the nutritional status of the pregnant women in our population. All the parameters were significantly
correlated with HB% when comparison is made between severely anaemic and non- anaemic group.
Conclusion: The young, illiterate women belonging to lower socioeconomic status have poor dietary intake as evidenced
by lower fat free mass, fat mass, ANW, BMI and HB%. They showed adverse pregnancy out comes as evidenced by
high prevalence of low birth weight babies, lower mean birth weight, lower Ponderal index and lower APGAR scores
compared to non-anaemic women.

Author Biographies

Bushra Fatima

Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Niloufer Hospital for Women and Children, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad

B Sandhya

Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Niloufer Hospital for Women and
Children, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad

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Published

2022-06-24

How to Cite

Bushra Fatima, & B Sandhya. (2022). Effect of Maternal Body Composition and Hemoglobin Percentage at Term Gestation on Labour and Neonatal Outcome. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(3), 60–66. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v13i3.18170