Perspective approach to Nutritional anemia among Medical students using Health Belief Model: A cross sectional study in Tamil Nadu

Authors

  • Hanitha Rajasekar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i4.18560

Keywords:

Nutritional Anemia. Health Belief Model

Abstract

Introduction: Anemia is one of the major public health problem more commonly encountered in both developed as well as
developing countries1. Various causes for anaemia are nutritional deficiencies, infectious diseases and chronic blood loss.
Nutritional anemia is the most widespread nutritional disorder in the world affecting 500 million to 1 billion individuals4.
The most vulnerable population for nutritional anaemia is Adolescents aged 10-19 years. Most of the anemia initiatives
are directed towards maternity and early childhood, there is not much attention shown towards adolescent population.
This study was conducted to throw light on attitude towards nutritional anemia among undergraduate medical students
by using Health belief model.
Study Methodology: This study was conducted in a private medical college at Chengelpet district of Tamil Nadu. 122
students from first year were selected by using universal sampling method. A self administered questionnaire comprising
of two parts was used to collect data, first part was general information about the participants and second part were
questions under five factors of Health benefit model.
Result:Mean value of perceived benefit was 3.2+1.54, perceived barrier was 1.7+0.47, perceived self efficacy was 2.69+1.14
interpersonal influence was 2.45+0.73 and situational influence was 2.26+1.2. Nearly 82.8% had perceived benefit on
highest scale, 76.2% had perceived barrier on a moderate scale and 52.5% had perceived self efficacy on a moderate scale.
Conclusion: The study participants with high self efficacy were able to overcome the barriers and perceive benefit of
reduced risk in acquiring nutritional anaemia.

Author Biography

Hanitha Rajasekar

Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Bhaarath Medical College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of higher education and Research, Selaiyur, Tamil Nadu.

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Published

2022-10-10

How to Cite

Hanitha Rajasekar. (2022). Perspective approach to Nutritional anemia among Medical students using Health Belief Model: A cross sectional study in Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(4), 117–121. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i4.18560