Socio-Demographic Determinants of Non-Communicable Diseases in Assam, India
Keywords:logistic regression, NCD, IHDS
Background: Located to the south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys, Assam is the
gateway to north east India. Covering an area of 78,438 km sq., the state is inhabited by a multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic
and multi-religious society. In the present study we intend to throw some light on the prevalence of non-communicable
diseases (NCDs) in this most important state of north-east.
Method: The main objective was to examine the effect of socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviour, household
status and contextual characteristics among adults (aged 30 and above) of Assam. We used data from Indian Human
Development Survey (IHDS II). Logistic regression was applied to attain the study objective.
Conclusion: Age and gender; education, smokeless tobacco consumption were found to be significantly associated with
the presence of NCDs. A lot of research has been carried out to understand the prevalence of NCD in India, but the
effect of various factors remains somewhat unexplained at the state level. There is need of more in depth studies to solve
the ever-growing burden of NCDs at the state level. The present study and its findings could be effectively utilized to
consider conducting similar studies for other Indian states as well.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Aakanksha Agarwala, Manab Deka
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