Emotional and Behavioural issues in children during early Phases of school opening after Covid 19 Pandemic in Eastern India

Authors

  • Somsubhra Chattopadhyay
  • Sharmistha Debnath
  • Rumi Gayen
  • Subhendu Dattta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i4.18628

Keywords:

Covid 19, Temper tantrum, restlessness, inattention

Abstract

Introduction: The Covid 19 pandemic was first officially noted in China in late 2019. After that, the virus spread globally.
At that time it was a new virus and we did know nothing about the virus. So lock down or home confinement was the only
option to control the spread of the virus (1). During that time children suffered the most as they were confined at home (2).
During this period they showed various behavioural problems and when restrictions were withdrawn they still showed
some behavioural issues.
Methodology: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an English questionnaire. The questionnaire was validated
by five independent psychiatrists who were finally excluded from the study. Responses from the parents of randomly
selected 76 children were recorded. We included the children aged between 3 to 12 years and who previously used to go
to school.
Results: 40.8 % of children were of 6 to 10 years of age and the male and females were almost equal in number in our
study (M: F = 40:36). Maximum children are from urban residences (about 59.2%) and the nuclear family (56.6%) followed
by joint families (38.2%) and single-parent families (5.3%). In most of the cases ( 61.8%) father is the only earning member
followed by both parents working (34.2%) and in only 3.9% of cases, the mother is the only earning member of the family.
About 76.3% of parents observed behavioural issues in their children. The problems were mostly observed in 6 to 10 yrs
of age. Males showed the problem most often than females ( M:F = 33:25). Children from urban areas showed behavioural
problems more often.
Discussion: Most of the parents reported that their children were having different sorts of problems during this period(3).
The families of small children aged 6 to 10 yrs of age were facing various problems more often. The children of this age
group showed problems more often as they were isolated at home. Previously they were in the discipline of school and
society. Due to the sudden release of pressure, all routine activities got disturbed.

Author Biographies

Somsubhra Chattopadhyay

Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry,College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital

Sharmistha Debnath

Associate Professor, Department of Oncopatholoogy, Medical College, Kolkata

Rumi Gayen

Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital

Subhendu Dattta

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Medical College, Kolkata

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Published

2022-10-10

How to Cite

Somsubhra Chattopadhyay, Sharmistha Debnath, Rumi Gayen, & Subhendu Dattta. (2022). Emotional and Behavioural issues in children during early Phases of school opening after Covid 19 Pandemic in Eastern India. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(4), 268–273. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i4.18628