Study of trimester wise effect of hypothyroidism in pregnancy and its materno- fetal outcome

Authors

  • Vidya Gaikwad
  • Pankaj Salvi
  • Nandini. R

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i4.18639

Keywords:

maternofetal complications, third trimester , hormonal changes , pregnancy

Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy is associated with a number of physiological and hormonal changes that result in significant
but reversible alterations in thyroid function tests (TFTs). Production of thyroid hormones and iodine requirement each
increases by approximately 50% during pregnancy.
Methodology: All the patients coming to OPD for regular antenatal visits, after obtaining the gestational age and informed
consent were randomly selected for the study. The patients fulfilled all the inclusion criteria. A detailed history was
taken regarding, The symptoms, and signs of thyroid disorders, menstrual history, obstetric history, past medical history,
family history and personal history.
Results : In our study , while we analysed , trimester wise effect of hypothyroidism in pregnancy and it’s meterno-fetal
outcome , we found , mothers who were detected with thyroid disorder in first trimester were more with pregnancy
associated complications (45% ) as compared to second trimester (21%) and third trimester ( only 3%)
Conclusion: From this study , we conclude that maternal hypothyroidism is associated with a variety of neonatal and
pregnancy related adverse events like abortion,fetal growth restrictions, Oligohydramnios, gestational hypertension
preterm delivery,operative delivery.

Author Biographies

Vidya Gaikwad

Professor and head of unit, Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology, Dr. D.Y. Patil medical College hospital and research centre, Pimpri pune-411018

Pankaj Salvi

Associate professor, Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology, Dr D.Y.Patil medical College hospital and
research centre, Pimpri pune-411018

Nandini. R

Resident, Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology, Dr.D.Y.Patil medical College hospital and research centre Pimpri pune-411018

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Published

2022-10-10

How to Cite

Vidya Gaikwad, Pankaj Salvi, & Nandini. R. (2022). Study of trimester wise effect of hypothyroidism in pregnancy and its materno- fetal outcome. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 13(4), 327–331. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i4.18639