Risk Factors of Diabetic Foot Ulcers in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Basis for Foot Care Education

Authors

  • Emilya Irawan
  • Nining Fitrianingsih
  • Tisna Yanti
  • Josephine M. De Leon
  • Helza Risdianti
  • Widia Astuti AW
  • Yuni Raya
  • Sri Untari

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i2.19074

Keywords:

Diabetic Foot Ulcers, Foot Care Education, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

the seventh largest number of diabetic patientsand diabetes is also the third cause of death after stroke and
hypertension.Diabetic Foot Ulcers (DFU) are common cause of diabetes mellitus complications.Foot problems
often receive less attention and it is not the priority for many health professionals in Indonesia. Diabetic foot ulcers
are preventable through Diabetes Foot Care Education.
Aim:The study aimed to assess risk factors of Diabetic Foot Ulcers in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and
develop an appropriate diabetic foot care education.
Methodology: This study used prospective research design and conducted atWocare Diabetic Clinic in Bogor
Indonesia.Study populations will be all Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients with a total sample of 48patients. Ordinal
and nominal data were described by absolute values and percentage while continuous data was reported as mean
and standard deviation. Univariate data was analyzed by χ2 test or Fisher exact test for categorical and Wilcoxon
test for continuous data. The significance level will be set at 95% with p-value=0.05.
Result:There was an increase in the average diabetic foot care behavior before and after education with a mean
value of 79.6 to 79.9.The results of the Wilcoxon test showed a p-value of 0.000.
Conclusion:There was a significant difference between behavioral scores before and after intervention with foot
care education.

Author Biographies

  • Emilya Irawan

    International Medical Center, Jakarta, Indonesia

  • Nining Fitrianingsih

    Lecturer, Wijaya Husada Institute, Bogor, Indonesia,

  • Tisna Yanti

    Lecturer, Wijaya Husada Institute, Bogor, Indonesia

  • Josephine M. De Leon

    Associate Professor, Coordinator for Community and Research, Centro Escolar University, Manila,
    Philippines

  • Helza Risdianti

    Lecturer, Wijaya Husada Institute, Bogor, Indonesia

  • Widia Astuti AW

    Lecturer, Wijaya Husada Institute, Bogor, Indonesia

  • Yuni Raya

    Lecturer, Wijaya Husada Institute, Bogor, Indonesia

  • Sri Untari

    Lecturer, Wijaya Husada Institute, Bogor, Indonesia

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Published

2023-03-15

How to Cite

Risk Factors of Diabetic Foot Ulcers in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Basis for Foot Care Education. (2023). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 14(2), 94-100. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i2.19074