A Comparative Study of Anemia in Adult Women of Telangana Population

Authors

  • Reyya Mohan Sundar
  • Makandar. U.K

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i2.19105

Keywords:

Anemia, Hematological parameters, Adult female, Telangana

Abstract

Background: Anemia is still a major health problem in females of both rural and urban areas of the developing
countries like India. The objective of the present study was to find out the hematological parameters and blood
indices among adult females in rural and urban areas of Patancheru (Mandal), Telangana and correlate to type of
anemia, degree of anemia, and percentage of anemia in both rural as well as urban areas in adult females.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult female subjects of age group 18-35 years comprised
of n=100 subjects selected from rural area and n=100 subjects from urban areas of Patancheru (Mandal),Telangana.
The hematological parameters, Hb gm%, MCV (fl), RBC count/mm3,MCH(pg), PCV(%),MCHC(gm/dl) were
investigated by Hematology Analyzer-automated blood counter.
Results: among the total sample of n=200 adult female subjects of age group 18-45 years, the overall prevalence of
anemia was observed 58%, recording 60% in rural area females and 56% in adult female subjects of urban area. The
overall microcytic anemia was observed maximum (40%), recording 70% in rural area subjects and 67% in urban
area subjects. The overall macrocytic and normocytic anemias were recorded 9% each. The macrocytic anemia was
recorded 13.5% in rural area and 17.8% in urban area. The normocytic anemia’s was recorded 16.6% in rural area
and 14.2% in urban area adult females. Both parameters of urban and Rural females were compared and there was
highly Significant P Value (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The present study indicated that prevalence of anaemia is slightly higher among rural adult female
subjects of age group 18-35 years compared to urban area female subjects. The current study results suggests, need
of due emphasis on iron and folic acid supplementation and education on consumption of iron rich foods, so as to
bring down the prevalence of anemia among the adult females

Author Biographies

  • Reyya Mohan Sundar

    Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, TRR Institute of Medical Sciences, TRR Nagar, Inole Patancheru, Sangareddy, Telangana.

  • Makandar. U.K

    Professor, Department of Physiology, TRR Institute of Medical Sciences, TRR Nagar, Inole Patancheru, Sangareddy, Telangana.

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Published

2023-03-15

How to Cite

A Comparative Study of Anemia in Adult Women of Telangana Population. (2023). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 14(2), 238-243. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i2.19105