Chemotherapy Induced Eosinophilia and its Significance among the Cancer Patients Treated at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, West Bengal

Authors

  • Arpan Ray
  • Swapan Pathak
  • Suman Ghorai
  • Bibhuti Bhushan
  • Suchismita Banerjee
  • Sulekha Ghosh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i3.19351

Keywords:

Cancer chemotherapy, chemotherapy induced eosinophilia, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), West Bengal

Abstract

Abstract
Background: Cancer is a major burden and threat to global society. It is one of the leading causes of death in
both developed and developing countries. The main modalities used for its treatment include surgery, radiation,
chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and hormones.
Materials & Methods: The current study was performed to find incidence of chemotherapy induced eosinopillia
in patients with different cancers who were receiving standard chemotherapy regimens (minimum two cycles and
maximum six to eight cycles). Total leucocyte count, absolute eosinophil count and differential leucocyte count
was done just before starting of chemotherapy. Differential leucocyte count (DLC) was reported after 1st cycle of
chemotherapy agents, before last dose of chemotherapy, after 6 weeks of completion of chemotherapy, and after
six month of completion of chemotherapy to see the changes on eosinophil counts.
Results: Most commonly used anticancer agents were 5 FU 61 (61%), doxorubicin 43 (43%), cyclophosphomide 53
(53%), cisplatin 10 (10%), paclitaxel 20 (20%), carboplatin 25 (25%), gemcitabine 11 (11%), oxaliplatin 14 (14%) and
capecitabine 11 (11%). The pre-CT eosinophil count had a mean of 3.41 (range, 2 to 4) and post-CT after 1st dose
had a mean of 5.06 (range, 3 to 8) (p <0.0001). The pre-CT eosinophil count had a mean of 3.41 (range, 2 to 4) and
post-CT after 6 months of chemotherapy had a mean of 6.85 (range, 5 to 8) (p <0.0001). Increased eosinophil count
after 1st dose and 6 months completion of chemotherapy was highly significant from baseline values (P < 0.0001).
Conclusion: Study has generated a hypothesis that administration of many anticancer agents may increase
eosinophil count or peripheral eosinophilia. Additional large scale prospective studies must be performed to
confirm our results.

Author Biographies

  • Arpan Ray

    Incharge Department of Pathology, Manicktala Medical Supdt ESI Hospital, 54 Bagmari Road, Kolkata 700054, West Bengal, India,

  • Swapan Pathak

    Professor & Head, Department of Pathology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College Road, Kenduadihi, Bankura 722102, West Bengal, India, 3

  • Suman Ghorai

    Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, Nilratan Sircar Medical College & Hospital, 138,AJC Bose Road, Kolkata 700014,West Bengal, India

  • Bibhuti Bhushan

    Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences & Hospital, Rajbandh, Durgapur 713212, West Bengal, India

  • Suchismita Banerjee

    RMO, NH Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, 124, Mukundapur, E M Bypass, Kolkata , West Bengal, India

  • Sulekha Ghosh

    Professor, Department of Pathology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College Road, Kenduadihi, Bankura ,
    West Bengal, India.

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Published

2023-06-21

How to Cite

Chemotherapy Induced Eosinophilia and its Significance among the Cancer Patients Treated at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, West Bengal. (2023). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 14(3), 44-50. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i3.19351