Assessment of Antimicrobial Prescribing in Ophthalmology Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • Ranjita Santra
  • Jayanta Dutta
  • Anuran Bhadury
  • Nabanita Barua
  • Abhisek Maji
  • Soumen Maji

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i3.19388

Keywords:

: Prescribing patterns, Out-patients in Ophthalmology, drug resistance

Abstract

Background: Analysing drug prescribing pattern is crucial to prevent antibiotic resistance in community. The study
aims to analyse the pattern of antibiotic drug prescription in outpatient department (OPD) of Ophthalmology.
Methods: It was an observational study done over 3 months period in OPD of Ophthalmology DMGMC & H. Data
were collected from case record form for demographic profile, nature of disease and type of antibiotic prescribed
and route of administration.
Results: A total of 250 patients were analysed from Ophthalmology OPD. Maximum patients belonged to 20-50 years
(66.8%). The proportion of male (58%) as compared to females (42%). Average drug prescription was 1.08. Most
commonly used antibiotic was Moxifloxacin. Maximum patients were diagnosed with conjunctivitis (22.8%)
followed by external hordeolum (16%), cataract (12%) blepharitis (10%) and dacryocystitis (10% each). Among
antibiotics fluroquinolones were used most (42.08%), followed by broad spectrum antibiotic chloramphenicol
(20.8%) followed by aminoglycosides (16.8%). Maximum number of drugs were administered in topical form
(64.8%).
Conclusion: The present study found that fluroquinolone antibiotic was prescribed maximum. Most common
dosage form of prescribed drug was eye drop. Antibiotics need to judiciously used in all OPD set up to prevent
drug resistance.

Author Biographies

  • Ranjita Santra

    Associate Professor. Department of Pharmacology. Deben Mahata Govt Medical College, Purulia,

  • Jayanta Dutta

    Associate Professor, Dept. of Ophthalmology. Deben Mahata Govt Medical College, Purulia,

  • Anuran Bhadury

    Assistant Professor. Department of Pharmacology. IQ City Medical College Hospital. Durgapur

  • Nabanita Barua

    Assistant Professor, Dept. of Ophthalmology. Deben Mahata Govt Medical College, Purulia,

  • Abhisek Maji

    Housesurgeon, Dept.of Ophthalmology and Pharmacology, Deben Mahata Govt Medical College, Purulia

  • Soumen Maji

    Housesurgeon, Dept.of Ophthalmology and Pharmacology, Deben Mahata Govt Medical College, Purulia

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Published

2023-06-21

How to Cite

Assessment of Antimicrobial Prescribing in Ophthalmology Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital. (2023). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 14(3), 205-209. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v14i3.19388